ACC 206 Week 7 Quiz – Strayer

ACC 206 Accounting Principles II Week 7 Quiz – Strayer

Click on the Link Below to Purchase A+ Graded Course Material

http://budapp.net/ACC-206-Accounting-Principles-II-Week-7-Quiz-Strayer-265.htm

 

CHAPTER 15

LONG-TERMLIABILITIES

CHAPTERSTUDY OBJECTIVES

1. Explain why bonds are issued.

2. Prepare the entries for the issuance of bonds and interest expense.

3. Describe the entries when bonds are redeemed or converted.

4. Describe the accounting for long-term notes payable.

5. Contrast the accounting for operating and capital leases.

6. Identify the methods for the presentation and analysis of long-term liabilities.

7. Compute the market price of a bond.

8. Apply the effective-interest method of amortizing bond discount and bond premium.

a9. Apply the straight-line method of amortizing bond discount and bond premium.

TRUE-FALSESTATEMENTS

1. Each bondholder may vote for the board of directors in proportion to the number of bonds held.

2. Bond interest paid by a corporation is an expense, whereas dividends paid are not an expense of the corporation.

3. Registered bonds are bonds that are delivered to owners by U.S. registered mail service.

4. A debenture bond is an unsecured bond which is issued against the general credit of the borrower.

5. Bonds are a form of interest-bearingnotes payable.

6. Neither corporate bond interest nor dividends are deductible for tax purposes.

7. A 10% stock dividend is the equivalent of a $1,000 par value bond paying annual interest of 10%.

8. The holder of a convertible bond can convert an interest payment received into a cash dividend paid on common stock if the dividend is greater than the interest payment.

9. The board of directors may authorize more bonds than are issued.

10. The contractual interest rate is always equal to the market interest rate on the date that bonds are issued.

11. If $150,000 face value bonds are issued at 102, the proceeds received will be $102,000.

12. Discount on bonds is an additional cost of borrowing and should be recorded as interest expense over the life of the bonds.

13. If a corporation issued bonds at an amount less than face value, it indicates that the corporation has a weak credit rating.
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 5

14. A corporation that issues bonds at a discount will recognize interest expense at a rate which is greater than the market interest rate.

15. If bonds are issued at a discount, the issuing corporation will pay a principal amount less than the face amount of the bonds on the maturity date.

16. If bonds are issued at a premium, the carrying value of the bonds will be greater than the face value of the bonds for all periods prior to the bond maturity date.

17. If the market interest rate is greater than the contractual interest rate, bonds will sell at a discount.

18. If $800,000, 8% bonds are issued on January 1, and pay interest semiannually, the amount of interest paid on July 1 will be $32,000.

19. If bonds sell at a premium, the interest expense recognized each year will be greater than the contractual interest rate.

20. The carrying value of bonds is calculated by adding the balance of the Discount on Bonds Payable account to the balance in the Bonds Payable account.

21. The loss on bond redemption is the difference between the cash paid and the carrying value of the bonds.

22. If $200,000 par value bonds with a carrying value of $190,400 are redeemed at 97, a loss on redemption will be recorded.

23. Gains and losses are not recognized when convertible bonds are converted into common stock.

24. Generally, convertible bonds do not pay interest.

25. Each payment on a mortgage note payable consists of interest on the original balance of the loan and a reduction of the loan principal.

26. A long-term note that pledges title to specific property as security for a loan is known as a mortgage payable.

27. A capital lease requires the lessee to record the lease as a purchase of an asset.

28. The times interest earned ratio is computed by dividing net income by interest expense.

a29. The present value of a bond is a function of two variables: (1) the payment amounts and (2) the interest (discount) rate.

a30. The effective-interest method of amortization results in varying amounts of amortization and interest expense per period but a constant interest rate.

Additional True-False Questions

31. Bonds that mature at a single specified future date are called term bonds.
15 – 6

32. The terms of the bond issue are set forth in a formal legal document called a bond indenture.

33. The carrying value of bonds at maturity should be equal to the face value of the bonds.

34. Premium on Bonds Payable is a contra account to Bonds Payable.

35. When bonds are converted into common stock, the carrying value of the bonds is transferred to paid-in capital accounts.

36. Operating leases are leases that the lessee must capitalize on its balance sheet as an asset.

37. Under a capital lease, the lease/asset is reported on the balance sheet under plant assets.

38. Long-term liabilities are reported in a separate section of the balance sheet immediately following current liabilities.

MULTIPLECHOICE QUESTIONS

39. Each of the following is correct regarding bonds except they are a. a form of interest-bearing notes payable.
b. attractive to many investors.
c. issued by corporations and governmentalagencies. d. sold in large denominations.

40. From the standpoint of the issuing company, a disadvantage of using bonds as a means of long-term financing is that
a. bond interest is deductible for tax purposes.
b. interest must be paid on a periodic basis regardless of earnings.
c. income to stockholders may increase as a result of trading on the equity. d. the bondholders do not have voting rights.

41. If a corporation issued $2,000,000 in bonds which pay 10% annual interest, what is the annual net cash cost of this borrowing if the income tax rate is 30%?
a. $2,000,000 b. $60,000
c. $200,000 d. $140,000
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 7

42. Secured bonds are bonds that
a. are in the possession of a bank.
b. are registered in the name of the owner.
c. have specific assets of the issuer pledged as collateral. d. have detachable interest coupons.

43. A legal document which summarizes the rights and privileges of bondholders as well as the obligations and commitmentsof the issuing company is called
a. a bond indenture. b. a bond debenture.
c. trading on the equity. d. a term bond.

44. Stockholders of a company may be reluctant to finance expansion through issuing more equity because
a. leveraging with debt is always a better idea. b. their earnings per share may decrease.
c. the price of the stock will automaticallydecrease. d. dividends must be paid on a periodic basis.

45. Which of the following is not an advantage of issuing bonds instead of common stock? a. Stockholder control is not affected.
b. Earnings per share on common stock may be lower. c. Income to common shareholdersmay increase.
d. Tax savings result.

46. Bonds that are secured by real estate are termed a. mortgage bonds.
b. serial bonds. c. debentures. d. bearer bonds.

47. Bonds that mature at a single specified future date are called a. coupon bonds.
b. term bonds. c. serial bonds. d. debentures.

48. Bonds that may be exchanged for common stock at the option of the bondholders are called
a. options.
b. stock bonds.
c. convertible bonds. d. callable bonds.

49. Bonds that are subject to retirement at a stated dollar amount prior to maturity at the option of the issuer are called
a. callable bonds.
b. early retirement bonds. c. options.
d. debentures.
15 – 8

50. Investors who receive checks in their names for interest earned on bonds must hold a. registered bonds.
b. coupon bonds. c. bearer bonds. d. direct bonds.

51. A bondholder that sends in a coupon to receive interest payments must have a(n) a. unsecured bond.
b. bearer bond.
c. mortgage bond. d. serial bond.

52. Bonds that may be directly transferred to another party by delivery are a. coupon bonds.
b. debentures.
c. registered bonds.
d. transportable bonds.

53. Bonds that must be cancelled and reissued as new bonds in order to have ownership interest transferred are
a. coupon bonds. b. bearer bonds. c. serial bonds.
d. registered bonds.

54. Corporations are granted the power to issue bonds through a. tax laws.
b. state laws.
c. federal security laws. d. bond debentures.

55. The party who has the right to exercise a call option on bonds is the a. investment banker.
b. bondholder. c. bearer.
d. issuer.

56. A major disadvantageresulting from the use of bonds is that a. earnings per share may be lowered.
b. interest must be paid on a periodic basis. c. bondholders have voting rights.
d. taxes may increase.

57. Bonds will always fall into all but which one of the following categories? a. Callable or convertible
b. Term or serial
c. Registered or bearer d. Secured or unsecured
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 9

58. Which of the following statements concerning bonds is not a true statement? a. Bonds are generally sold through an investment company.
b. The bond indenture is prepared after the bonds are printed.
c. The bond indenture and bond certificate are separate documents. d. The trustee keeps records of each bondholder.

59. A bond trustee does not a. issue the bonds.
b. keep a record of each bondholder.
c. hold conditional title to pledged property. d. maintain custody of unsold bonds.

60. The contractual interest rate is always stated as a(n) a. monthly rate.
b. daily rate.
c. semiannual rate. d. annual rate.

61. When authorizing bonds to be issued, the board of directors does not specify the a. total number of bonds authorized to be sold.
b. contractual interest rate. c. selling price.
d. total face value of the bonds.

Use the following exhibit for questions 62–63.

Bonds Close K mart 8 3/8 17 100¼
Yield Volume 8.4 35
Net Change +7/8

62. The contractual interest rate of the K mart bonds is a. greater than the market interest rate.
b. less than the market interest rate. c. equal to the market interest rate. d. not determinable.

63. On the day of trading referred to above, a. no K mart bonds were traded.
b. bonds with market prices of $3,500 were traded.
c. at closing, the selling price of the bond was higher than the previous day’s price. d. the bond sold for $100.25

64. A $1,000 face value bond with a quoted price of 98 is selling for a. $1,000.
b. $980. c. $908. d. $98.

65. A bond with a face value of $100,000 and a quoted price of 102¼ has a selling price of a. $120,225.
b. $102,025. c. $100,225. d. $102,250.
15 – 10

66. Premium on Bonds Payable a. has a debit balance.
b. is a contra account.
c. is considered to be a reduction in the cost of borrowing. d. is deducted from bonds payable on the balance sheet.

67. If the market interest rate is greater than the contractual interest rate, bonds will sell a. at a premium.
b. at face value. c. at a discount.
d. only after the stated interest rate is increased.

68. On January 1, 2008, Grant Corporation issued $3,000,000, 10-year, 8% bonds at 102. Interest is payable semiannually on January 1 and July 1. The journal entry to record this transaction on January 1, 2008 is
a. Cash………………………………………………………………………… 3,000,000
Bonds Payable…………………………………………………… 3,000,000

b. Cash………………………………………………………………………… Bonds Payable……………………………………………………

c. Premiumon Bonds Payable………………………………………… Cash………………………………………………………………………… Bonds Payable……………………………………………………

d. Cash………………………………………………………………………… Bonds Payable…………………………………………………… Premiumon Bonds Payable…………………………………
3,060,000

60,000 3,000,000

3,060,000

3,060,000

3,060,000

3,000,000 60,000

69. The total cost of borrowing is increased only if the a. bonds were issued at a premium.
b. bonds were issued at a discount. c. bonds were sold at face value.
d. market interest rate is less than the contractual interest rate on that date.

70. If the market interest rate is 10%, a $10,000, 12%, 10-year bond, that pays interest semiannually would sell at an amount
a. less than face value. b. equal to face value.
c. greater than face value.
d. that cannot be determined.

71. The present value of a $10,000, 5-year bond, will be less than $10,000 if the a. contractual interest rate is less than the market interest rate.
b. contractual interest rate is greater than the market interest rate. c. bond is convertible.
d. contractual interest rate is equal to the market interest rate.

72. Gomez Corporation issues 1,000, 10-year, 8%, $1,000 bonds dated January 1, 2008, at 98. The journal entry to record the issuance will show a
a. debit to Cash of $1,000,000.
b. credit to Discount on Bonds Payable for $20,000. c. credit to Bonds Payable for $980,000.
d. debit to Cash for $980,000.
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 11

73. The market interest rate is often called the a. stated rate.
b. effective rate. c. coupon rate.
d. contractual rate.

74. If bonds are issued at a discount, it means that the a. financial strength of the issuer is suspect.
b. market interest rate is higher than the contractual interest rate. c. market interest rate is lower than the contractual interest rate.
d. bondholder will receive effectively less interest than the contractual interest rate.

75. Each of the following accounts is reported as long-term liabilities except a. Bond Interest Payable.
b. Bonds Payable.
c. Discount on Bonds Payable. d. Premium on Bonds Payable.

76. The statement that “Bond prices vary inversely with changes in the market interest rate” means that if the
a. market interest rate increases, the contractual interest rate will decrease. b. contractual interest rate increases, then bond prices will go down.
c. market interest rate decreases, then bond prices will go up.
d. contractual interest rate increases, the market interest rate will decrease.

77. The carrying value of bonds will equal the market price a. at the close of every trading day.
b. at the end of the fiscal period. c. on the date of issuance.
d. every six months on the date interest is paid.

78. The sale of bonds above face value a. is a rare occurrence.
b. will cause the total cost of borrowing to be less than the bond interest paid. c. will cause the total cost of borrowing to be more than the bond interest paid. d. will have no net effect on Interest Expense by the time the bonds mature.

79. In the balance sheet, the account, Premium on Bonds Payable, is a. added to bonds payable.
b. deducted from bonds payable.
c. classified as a stockholders’ equity account. d. classified as a revenue account.

80. Two thousand bonds with a face value of $1,000 each, are sold at 103. The entry to record the issuance is
a. Cash ………………………………………………………………………… 2,060,000
Bonds Payable ………………………………………………….. 2,060,000

b. Cash ………………………………………………………………………… 2,000,000 Premiumon Bonds Payable ………………………………………… 60,000
Bonds Payable ………………………………………………….. 2,060,000
15 – 12

c. Cash ……………………………………………………………………….. 2,060,000 Premiumon Bonds Payable ………………………………..
Bonds Payable …………………………………………………..

60,000 2,000,000

d. Cash ……………………………………………………………………….. 2,060,000 Discounton Bonds Payable …………………………………
Bonds Payable …………………………………………………..

60,000 2,000,000

81. Bond interest paid is
a. higher when bonds sell at a discount. b. lower when bonds sell at a premium.
c. the same whether bonds sell at a discount or a premium.
d. higher when bonds sell at a discount and lower when bonds sell at a premium.

82. Mendez Corporation issues 2,000, 10-year, 8%, $1,000 bonds dated January 1, 2008, at 103. The journal entry to record the issuance will show a
a. debit to Cash of $2,000,000.
b. credit to Premium on Bonds Payable for $60,000. c. credit to Bonds Payable for $2,030,000.
d. credit to Cash for $2,060,000.

Use the following information for questions 83–86.

Golden Company received proceeds of $94,250 on 10-year, 8% bonds issued on January 1, 2007. The bonds had a face value of $100,000, pay interest semi-annually on June 30 and December31, and have a call price of 101. Golden uses the straight-line method of amortization.

83. What is the amount of interest Golden must pay the bondholders in 2007? a. $7,540
b. $8,000 c. $8,575 d. $7,425

a84. What is the amount of interest expense Golden will show with relation to these bonds for the year ended December 31, 2008?
a. $8,000 b. $7,540 c. $8,575 d. $7,425

a85. What is the carrying value of the bonds on January 1, 2009? a. $100,000
b. $95,400 c. $98,850 d. $94,825

86. Golden Company decided to redeem the bonds on January 1, 2009. What amount of gain or loss would Golden report on its 2009 income statement?
a. $4,600 gain b. $5,600 gain c. $5,600 loss d. $4,600 loss
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 13

87. Bryce Company has $500,000 of bonds outstanding. The unamortized premium is $7,200. If the company redeemed the bonds at 101, what would be the gain or loss on the redemption?
a. $2,200 gain b. $2,200 loss c. $5,000 gain d. $5,000 loss

88. The current carrying value of Jensen’s $600,000 face value bonds is $597,750. If the bonds are retired at 102, what would be the amount Jensen would pay its bondholders? a. $597,750
b. $600,000 c. $603,000 d. $612,000

89. Lahey Corporation retires its $500,000 face value bonds at 105 on January 1, following the payment of annual interest. The carrying value of the bonds at the redemption date is $518,725. The entry to record the redemption will include a
a. credit of $18,725 to Loss on Bond Redemption. b. debit of $18,725 to Premium on Bonds Payable. c. credit of $6,275 to Gain on Bond Redemption. d. debit of $25,000 to Premium on Bonds Payable.

90. A $900,000 bond was retired at 103 when the carrying value of the bond was $933,000. The entry to record the retirement would include a
a. gain on bond redemption of $27,000. b. loss on bond redemption of $6,000. c. loss on bond redemption of $27,000. d. gain on bond redemption of $6,000.

91. If forty $1,000 convertible bonds with a carrying value of $46,000 are converted into 6,000 shares of $5 par value common stock, the journal entry to record the conversion is
a. Bonds Payable ………………………………………………………….. 46,000 CommonStock ………………………………………………….. 46,000

b. Bonds Payable ………………………………………………………….. 40,000 Premiumon Bonds Payable ………………………………………… 6,000
CommonStock ………………………………………………….. 46,000

c. Bonds Payable ………………………………………………………….. 40,000 Premiumon Bonds Payable ………………………………………… 6,000
CommonStock ………………………………………………….. 30,000 Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par …………………………… 16,000

d. Bonds Payable ………………………………………………………….. 46,000
Discount on Bonds Payable ………………………………… 6,000 CommonStock ………………………………………………….. 30,000 Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par …………………………… 10,000

92. A corporation recognizes a gain or loss
a. only when bonds are converted into common stock. b. only when bonds are redeemed before maturity.
c. when bonds are redeemed at or before maturity.
d. when bonds are converted into common stock and when they are redeemed before maturity.
15 – 14

93. If there is a loss on bonds redeemed early, it is a. debited directly to Retained Earnings.
b. reported as an “Other Expense” on the income statement.
c. reported as an “Extraordinary Item” on the income statement. d. debited to Interest Expense, as a cost of financing.

94. If bonds can be converted into common stock,
a. they will sell at a lower price than comparable bonds without a conversion feature.
b. they will carry a higher interest rate than comparable bonds without the conversion feature.
c. they will be converted only if the issuer calls them in for conversion.
d. the bondholder may benefit if the market price of the common stock increases substantially.

95. When bonds are converted into common stock,
a. the market price of the stock on the date of conversion is credited to the Common Stock account.
b. the market price of the bonds on the date of conversion is credited to the Common Stock account.
c. the market price of the stock and the bonds is ignored when recording the conversion. d. gains or losses on the conversion are recognized.

96. If bonds with a face value of $90,000 are converted into common stock when the carrying value of the bonds is $81,000, the entry to record the conversion will include a debit to
a. Bonds Payable for $90,000. b. Bonds Payable for $81,000.
c. Discount on Bonds Payable for $9,000.
d. Bonds Payable equal to the market price of the bonds on the date of conversion.

97. A $900,000 bond was retired at 98 when the carrying value of the bond was $888,000. The entry to record the retirement would include a
a. gain on bond redemption of $12,000. b. loss on bond redemption of $6,000. c. loss on bond redemption of $12,000. d. gain on bond redemption of $6,000.

98. Twenty $1,000 bonds with a carrying value of $25,600 are converted into 2,000 shares of $5 par value common stock. The common stock had a market value of $9 per share on the date of conversion. The entry to record the conversion is
a. Bonds Payable …………………………………………………………. 25,600 CommonStock …………………………………………………. 10,000 Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par……………………………. 15,600
b. Bonds Payable …………………………………………………………. 20,000 Premiumon Bonds Payable ……………………………………….. 5,600
CommonStock …………………………………………………. 18,000 Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par …………………………… 7,600
c. Bonds Payable …………………………………………………………. 20,000 Premiumon Bonds Payable ……………………………………….. 5,600
CommonStock …………………………………………………. 10,000 Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par……………………………. 15,600
d. Bonds Payable …………………………………………………………. 25,600 CommonStock …………………………………………………. 18,000 Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par……………………………. 7,600
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 15

99. Which one of the following amounts increases each period when accounting for long-term notes payable?
a. Cash payment b. Interest expense
c. Principal balance
d. Reduction of principal

100. In the balance sheet, mortgage notes payable are reported as a. a current liability only.
b. a long-term liability only.
c. both a current and a long-term liability.
d. a current liability except for the reduction in principal amount.

101. A mortgage note payable with a fixed interest rate requires the borrower to make installment payments over the term of the loan. Each installment payment includes interest on the unpaid balance of the loan and a payment on the principal. With each installment payment, indicate the effect on the portion allocated to interest expense and the portion allocated to principal.

Portion Allocated to Interest Expense
a. Increases b. Increases c. Decreases d. Decreases
Portion Allocated to Payment of Principal
Increases Decreases Decreases Increases

102. The entry to record an installment payment on a long-term note payable is a. Mortgage Notes Payable
Cash
b. Interest Expense Cash
c. Mortgage Notes Payable Interest Expense
Cash
d. Bonds Payable Cash

Use the following information for questions 103–104.

Delmar Company purchased a building on January 2 by signing a long-term $840,000 mortgage with monthly payments of $7,700. The mortgage carries an interest rate of 10 percent.

103. The entry to record the first monthly payment will include a a. debit to the Cash account for $7,700.
b. credit to the Cash account for $7,000.
c. debit to the Interest Expense account for $7,000. d. credit to the Mortgage Payable account for $7,700.

104. The amount owed on the mortgage after the first payment will be a. $840,000.
b. $839,300. c. $833,000. d. $832,300.
15 – 16

Use the following information for questions 105–106.

Diamond Company borrowed $500,000 from BankTwo on January 1, 2007 in order to expand its mining capabilities. The five-year note required annual payments of $130,218 and carried an annual interest rate of 9.5%.

105. What is the amount of expense Diamond must recognize on its 2008 income statement? a. $47,500
b. $39,642 c. $35,129 d. $31,037

106. What is the balance in the notes payable account at December 31, 2008? a. $500,000
b. $326,706 c. $417,282 d. $405,000

107. The lessee has substantially all of the benefits and risks of ownership in a(n) a. apartment lease.
b. capital lease.
c. operating lease.
d. operating lease and a capital lease.

108. A lease where the intent is temporary use of the property by the lessee with continued ownership of the property by the lessor is called
a. off-balance sheet financing. b. an operating lease.
c. a capital lease.
d. a purchase of property.

109. Which of the following is not a condition which would require the recording of a lease contract as a capital lease?
a. The lease transfers ownership of the property to the lessee. b. The lease contains a bargain purchase option.
c. The lease term is less than 75% of the economic life of the leased property.
d. The present value of the lease payments equals or exceeds 90% of the fair market value of the leased property.

110. In a lease contract,
a. the owner of the property is called the lessee.
b. the presence of a bargain purchase option indicates that it is a capital lease. c. the renter of the property is called the lessor.
d. there is always a transfer of ownership at the end of the lease term.

111. Which of the following statements concerning leases is true? a. Capital leases are favored by lessees.
b. The appearance of the account, Leased Asset, on the balance sheet, signifies an operating lease.
c. The portion of a lease liability expected to be paid in the next year is reported as a current liability.
d. Present value is irrelevant in accounting for leases.
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 17

112. If the present value of lease payments equals or exceeds 90% of the fair market value of the leased property, the
a. conditions are met for the lease to be considered a capital lease. b. lease is uneconomical and should not be entered into.
c. lease may be classified as an operating lease.
d. recording of a lease liability is optional—that is, the off-balance sheet approach can be elected.

113. Each of the following may be shown in a supporting schedule instead of the balance sheet exceptthe
a. current maturities of long-term debt. b. conversion privileges.
c. interest rates. d. maturity dates.

114. The times interest earned ratio is computed by dividing a. net income by interest expense.
b. income before income taxes by interest expense.
c. income before interest expense by interest expense.
d. income before income taxes and interest expense by interest expense.

115. The discount on bonds payable or premium on bonds payable is shown on the balance sheet as an adjustment to bonds payable to arrive at the carrying value of the bonds. Indicate the appropriateaddition or subtraction to bonds payable:

Premiumon Bonds Payable
a. Add b. Deduct c. Add d. Deduct
Discounton Bonds Payable Add Add Deduct Deduct

116. In a recent year Dart Corporation had net income of $140,000, interest expense of $30,000, and tax expense of $20,000. What was Dart Corporation’s times interest earned ratio for the year?
a. 6.33 b. 4.66 c. 5.33 d. 6.00

117. In a recent year Day Corporation had net income of $150,000, interest expense of $30,000, and a times interest earned ratio of 9. What was Day Corporation’s income before taxes for the year?
a. $300,000 b. $270,000 c. $240,000
d. None of the above.
15 – 18

118. The adjusted trial balance for Lifesaver Corp. at the end of the current year, 2008, contained the following accounts.

5-year Bonds Payable 8% Bond Interest Payable Premiumon Bonds Payable Notes Payable (3 mo.) Notes Payable (5 yr.)
MortgagePayable ($15,000 due currently) Salaries Payable
Taxes Payable (due 3/15 of 2009)
$1,000,000 50,000 100,000 40,000 165,000 200,000 18,000 25,000

The total long-term liabilities reported on the balance sheet are a. $1,365,000.
b. $1,350,000. c. $1,465,000. d. $1,450,000.

119. The 2008 financial statements of Shadow Co. contain the following selected data (in millions).

Current Assets $ 75 Total Assets 120 Current Liabilities 40 Total Liabilities 85 Cash 8

The debt to total assets ratio is a. 70.8%.
b. 53.3%. c. 29.2%. d. 1.41%.

a120. The present value of a bond is also known as its a. face value.
b. market price. c. future value. d. deferred value.

a121. $3 million, 10%, 10-year bonds are issued at face value. Interest will be paid semi-annually. When calculating the market price of the bond, the present value of
a. $300,000 received for 10 periods must be calculated. b. $3 million received in 10 periods must be calculated. c. $3 million received in 20 periods must be calculated. d. $150,000 received for 10 periods must be calculated.

a122. Either the straight-line method or the effective-interest method of amortization will always result in
a. the same amount of interest expense being recognized over the term of the bonds. b. the same amount of interest expense being recognized each year.
c. more interest expense being recognized than if premium or discounts were not amortized.
d. the same carrying value each year during the term of the bonds.
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 19

a123. A corporation issued $300,000, 10%, 5-year bonds on January 1, 2008 for $324,333, which reflects an effective-interest rate of 8%. Interest is paid semiannually on January 1 and July 1. If the corporation uses the effective-interest method of amortization of bond premium, the amount of bond interest expense to be recognized on July 1, 2008, is
a. $15,000. b. $12,000. c. $16,217. d. $12,973.

a124. A bond discount must
a. always be amortized using straight-line amortization.
b. always be amortized using the effective-interest method.
c. be amortized using the effective-interest method if it yields annual amounts that are materially different than the straight-line method.
d. be amortized using the straight-line method if it yields annual amounts that are materially different than the effective-interestmethod.

a125. When the effective-interestmethod of bond discount amortization is used,
a. the applicable interest rate used to compute interest expense is the prevailing market interest rate on the date of each interest payment date.
b. the carrying value of the bonds will decrease each period.
c. interest expense will not be a constant dollar amount over the life of the bond.
d. interest paid to bondholders will be a function of the effective-interest rate on the date the bonds are issued.

a126. When the effective-interest method of bond premium amortization is used, the a. amount of premium amortized will get larger with successive amortization. b. carrying value of the bonds will increase with successive amortization.
c. interest paid to bondholders will increase after each interest payment date. d. interest rate used to calculate interest expense will be the contractual rate.

Use the following information for questions 127–129.

Silcon Company issued $800,000 of 6%, 10-year bonds on one of its interest dates for $690,960 to yield an effective annual rate of 8%. The effective-interest method of amortization is to be used.

a127. What amount of discount (to the nearest dollar) should be amortized for the first interest period?
a. $22,542 b. $10,904 c. $14,554 d. $7,277

a128. The journal entry on the first interest payment date, to record the payment of interest and amortization of discount will include a
a. debit to Bond Interest Expense for $48,000. b. credit to Cash for $55,277.
c. credit to Discount on Bonds Payable for $7,277. d. debit to Bond Interest Expense for $64,000.
15 – 20

a129. How much bond interest expense (to the nearest dollar) should be reported on the income statement for the end of the first year?
a. $55,422 b. $55,277 c. $55,131 d. $48,000

a130. On January 1, Jean Loptein Inc. issued $3,000,000, 9% bonds for $2,817,000. The market rate of interest for these bonds is 10%. Interest is payable annually on December 31. Jean Loptein uses the effective-interest method of amortizing bond discount. At the end of the first year, Jean Loptein should report unamortized bond discount of
a. $164,700. b. $171,300. c. $154,830. d. $153,000.

a131. On January 1, Cleopatra Corporation issued $2,000,000, 14%, 5-year bonds with interest payable on December 31. The bonds sold for $2,144,192. The market rate of interest for these bonds was 12%. On the first interest date, using the effective-interest method, the debit entry to Bond Interest Expense is for
a. $240,000. b. $251,162. c. $257,304. d. $280,000.

a132. On January 1, Hurley Corporation issues $1,000,000, 5-year, 12% bonds at 96 with interest payable on July 1 and January 1. The entry on December 31 to record accrued bond interest and the amortization of bond discount using the straight-line method will include a
a. debit to Interest Expense, $60,000. b. debit to Interest Expense, $120,000.
c. credit to Discount on Bonds Payable, $4,000. d. credit to Discount on Bonds Payable, $8,000.

133. On January 1, 2008, $1,000,000, 10-year, 10% bonds, were issued for $970,000. Interest is paid annually on January 1. If the issuing corporation uses the straight-line method to amortize discount on bonds payable, the monthly amortization amount is
a. $9,700. b. $3,000. c. $808. d. $250.

134. A corporation issues $100,000, 10%, 5-year bonds on January 1, 2008, for $95,800. Interest is paid annually on January 1. If the corporation uses the straight-line method of amortization of bond discount, the amount of bond interest expense to be recognized in December 31, 2008’s adjusting entry is
a. $10,840. b. $10,000. c. $9,160. d. $840.
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 21

a135. Roman Company issued $400,000 of 6%, 5-year bonds at 98, with interest paid annually. Assumingstraight-line amortization, what is the total interest cost of the bonds?
a. $120,000 b. $128,000 c. $112,000 d. $116,000

a136. Sunwood Company issued $500,000 of 6%, 5-year bonds at 98, with interest paid annually. Assuming straight-line amortization, what is the carrying value of the bonds after one year?
a. $490,000 b. $491,000 c. $492,000 d. $494,000

a137. Terrance Company issued $200,000 of 8%, 5-year bonds at 106. Assuming straight-line amortization and annual interest payments, how much bond interest expense is recorded on the next interest date?
a. $16,000 b. $18,400 c. $13,600 d. $2,400

a138. Garcia Company issued $800,000 of 8%, 5-year bonds at 106, with interest paid annually. Assuming straight-line amortization, what is the carrying value of the bonds after one year?
a. $848,000 b. $843,200 c. $838,400 d. $852,800

a139. On January 1, 2008, $5,000,000, 5-year, 10% bonds, were issued for $4,850,000. Interest is paid semiannually on January 1 and July 1. If the issuing corporation uses the straight-line method to amortize discount on bonds payable, the monthly amortization amount is
a. $29,040. b. $30,000. c. $2,420. d. $2,500.

a140. A corporation issues $300,000, 10%, 5-year bonds on January 1, 2008 for $287,400. Interest is paid semiannually on January 1 and July 1. If the corporation uses the straight-line method of amortization of bond discount, the amount of bond interest expense to be recognized on July 1, 2008 is
a. $31,260. b. $15,000. c. $16,260. d. $13,740.

a141. Over the term of the bonds, the balance in the Discount on Bonds Payable account will a. fluctuate up and down if the market is volatile.
b. decrease. c. increase.
d. be unaffected until the bonds mature.
15 – 22

a142. Bond discount should be amortized to comply with a. the historical cost principle.
b. the matching principle.
c. the revenue recognition principle. d. conservatism.

a143. If bonds have been issued at a discount, over the life of the bonds, the a. carrying value of the bonds will decrease.
b. carrying value of the bonds will increase.
c. interest expense will increase, if the discount is being amortized on a straight-line basis.
d. unamortized discount will increase.

Additional Multiple Choice Questions

144. The market value (present value) of a bond is a function of all of the following except the a. dollar amounts to be received.
b. length of time until the amounts are received. c. market rate of interest.
d. length of time until the bond is sold.

145. On the date of issue, Chudzick Corporation sells $2 million of 5-year bonds at 97. The entry to record the sale will include the following debits and credits:

Bonds Payable a. $1,940,000 Cr. b. $2,000,000 Cr. c. $2,000,000 Cr. d. $2,000,000 Cr.
Discount on Bonds Payable $0 Dr.
$60,000 Dr. $500,000 Dr. $6,000 Dr.

146. The market rate of interest for a bond issue which sells for more than its face value is a. independent of the interest rate stated on the bond.
b. higher than the interest rate stated on the bond. c. equal to the interest rate stated on the bond.
d. less than the interest rate stated on the bond.

147. When a company retires bonds before maturity, the gain or loss on redemption is the difference between the cash paid and the
a. carrying value of the bonds. b. face value of the bonds.
c. original selling price of the bonds. d. maturity value of the bonds.

148. Hoffman Corporation retires its bonds at 106 on January 1, following the payment of semi-annual interest. The face value of the bonds is $400,000. The carrying value of the bonds at the redemption date is $419,800.The entry to record the redemption will include a
a. credit of $19,800 to Loss on Bond Redemption. b. debit of $24,000 to Premium on Bonds Payable. c. credit of $4,200 to Gain on Bond Redemption. d. debit of $19,800 to Premium on Bonds Payable.
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 23

149. Each payment on a mortgage note payable consists of a. interest on the original balance of the loan.
b. reduction of loan principal only.
c. interest on the original balance of the loan and reduction of loan principal. d. interest on the unpaid balance of the loan and reduction of loan principal.

150. Which of the following is not a condition under which the lessee must record the lease of an asset?
a. The lease contains a bargain purchase option.
b. The lease transfers ownership of the property to the lessee.
c. The lease term is equal to 60% of the economic life of the lease property.
d. The present value of the lease payments is 90% of the fair market value of the leased property.

151. The lessee must record a lease as an asset if the lease a. transfers ownership of the property to the lessor.
b. contains a purchase option.
c. term is 75% or more of the useful life of the leased property.
d. payments equal or exceed 90% of the fair market value of the leased property.

152. Buffon Electronics Company issues an $800,000, 10%, 20-year mortgage note on January 1. The terms provide for semiannual installment payments, exclusive of real estate taxes and insurance, of $46,621. After the first installment payment, the principal balance is
a. $800,000. b. $786,427. c. $793,379. d. $779,125.

153. The debt to total assets ratio is computed by dividing a. long-term liabilities by total assets.
b. total debt by total assets. c. total assets by total debt.
d. total assets by long-term liabilities.

a154. The market price of a bond is the
a. present value of its principal amount at maturity plus the present value of all future interest payments.
b. principal amount plus the present value of all future interest payments. c. principal amount plus all future interest payments.
d. present value of its principal amount only.

BRIEFEXERCISES
BE 155
ShafferInc. is considering two alternatives to finance its construction of a new $5 million plant. (a) Issuance of 500,000 shares of common stock at the market price of $10 per share.
(b) Issuance of $5 million, 8% bonds at par.

Instructions
Completethe following table.

Incomebefore interest and taxes

Issue Stock $1,400,000

Issue Bonds $1,400,000

Interest expense from bonds

Incomebefore income taxes $ $

Incometax expense (30%)

Net income $ $

Outstandingshares 700,000

Earningsper share

BE 156

On January 1, 2008, Beltway Enterprises issued 11%, 5-year bonds with a face amount of $900,000at par. Interest is payable semiannually on June 30 and December 31.

Instructions
Prepare the entries to record the issuance of the bonds and the first semiannual interest payment.

BE 157

On January 1, 2008, Kentwood Company issued bonds with a face value of $500,000. The bonds carry a stated interest of 7% payable each January 1 and July 1.

Instructions

a. Prepare the journal entry for the issuance assuming the bonds are issued at 97. b. Prepare the journal entry for the issuance assuming the bonds are issued at 102.

BE 158

On July 1, 2008, Frodo Corporation issued $800,000, 6%, 10-year bonds at face value. Interest is payable semiannuallyon January 1 and July 1. Frodo Corporation has a calendar year end.

Instructions

Prepareall entries related to the bond issue for 2008.

BE 159

On January 1, 2008, Zooland Enterprises sold 12%, 10-year bonds with a face amount of $1,000,000for $970,000. Interest is payable semiannuallyon July 1 and January 1.

Instructions
Calculatethe carrying value of the bond at December 31, 2008 and 2009.

BE 160

Delta Company issued bonds with a face amount of $1,000,000 in 2003. As of January 1, 2008, the balance in Discount on Bonds Payable is $4,800. At that time, Delta redeemed the bonds at 102.

Instructions

Assumingthat no interest is payable, make the entry to record the redemption.

BE 161

Nicholson Inc. issues an $800,000, 10%, 10-year mortgage note on December 31, 2008, to obtain financing for a new building. The terms provide for semiannual installment payments of $64,194.

Instructions

Prepare the entry to record the mortgage loan on December 31, 2008, and the first installment payment.

BE 162

Franco Corporation reports the following selected financial statement information at December 31, 2008:
Total Assets $89,000 Total Liabilities 65,000 Net Income 27,000 InterestIncome 1,600 Interest Expense 900 Tax Expense 300

Instructions
Calculatethe debt to total assets and times interest earned ratios.

BE 163

On January 1, 2008, Fabian Enterprises issued 9%, 10-year bonds with a face amount of $700,000 at 96. Interest is payable semiannually on June 30 and December 31. The bonds were issued for an effective interest rate of 10%.

Instructions
Prepare the entries to record the issuance of the bonds and the first semiannual interest payment assuming that the company uses effective-interestamortization.

BE 164

On January 1, 2008, Halston Enterprises issued 8%, 20-year bonds with a face amount of $3,000,000at 101. Interest is payable semiannuallyon June 30 and December 31.

Instructions

Prepare the entries to record the issuance of the bonds and the first semiannual interest payment assuming that the company uses straight-line amortization.

EXERCISES
Ex. 165
Banks Company is considering two alternatives to finance its purchase of a new $4,000,000 office building.
(a) Issue 400,000 shares of common stock at $10 per share. (b) Issue 8%, 10-year bonds at par ($4,000,000).

Income before interest and taxes is expected to be $2,000,000. The company has a 30% tax rate and has 600,000 shares of common stock outstanding prior to the new financing.

Instructions
Calculateeach of the following for each alternative: (1) Net income.
(2) Earnings per share.
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 29

Ex. 166

The board of directors of Finley Corporation is considering two plans for financing the purchase of new plant equipment. Plan #1 would require the issuance of $4,000,000, 6%, 20-year bonds at face value. Plan #2 would require the issuance of 100,000 shares of $5 par value common stock which is selling for $40 per share on the open market. Finley Corporation currently has 100,000 shares of common stock outstanding and the income tax rate is expected to be 30%. Assume that income before interest and income taxes is expected to be $700,000 if the new factory equipment is purchased.

Instructions

Prepare a schedule which shows the expected net income after taxes and the earnings per share on common stock under each of the plans that the board of directors is considering.

Ex. 167

United Health is considering two alternatives for the financing of some high technology medical equipment. These two alternatives are:

1. Issue 50,000 shares of $10 par value common stock at $50 per share. 2. Issue $2,500,000, 10%, 10-year bonds at par.
15 – 30

Ex. 167 (cont.)

It is estimated that the company will earn $800,000 before interest and taxes as a result of acquiring the medical equipment. The company has an estimated tax rate of 30% and has 100,000shares of common stock outstanding prior to the new financing.

Instructions
Determinethe effect on net income and earnings per share for these two methods of financing.

Ex. 168

Three plans for financing a $20,000,000 corporation are under consideration by its organizers. Under each of the following plans, the securities will be issued at their par or face amount and the income tax rate is estimated at 30%.
Plan 1 Plan 2 Plan 3
9% Bonds — — $10,000,000 6% Preferred Stock, $100 par — $10,000,000 5,000,000 CommonStock, $10 par $20,000,000 10,000,000 5,000,000 Total $20,000,000 $20,000,000 $20,000,000

It is estimated that income before interest and taxes will be $4,000,000.

Instructions

Determinefor each plan, the expected net income and the earnings per share on common stock.
Long-Term Liabilities 15 – 31

Ex. 169

Taylor Corporation issued $3 million, 10-year, 6% bonds on January 1, 2008.

Instructions
Preparethe entry to record the sale of these bonds, assuming they were issued at (a) 98.
(b) 103.

Ex. 170

On January 1, 2008, Kohl Corporation issued $700,000, 8%, 10-year bonds at face value. Interest is payable semiannually on July 1 and January 1. Kohl Corporation has a calendar year end.

Instructions
Prepareall entries related to the bond issue for 2008.

Ex. 171

On January 1, Porter Corporation issued $800,000, 6%, 5-year bonds at face value. Interest is payable semiannuallyon July 1 and January 1.

Instructions
Preparejournal entries to record the (a) Issuance of the bonds.
(b) Payment of interest on July 1, assuming no previous accrual of interest. (c) Accrual of interest on December 31.

Ex. 172

Wood Company retired $300,000 face value, 9% bonds on June 30, 2008 at 98. The carrying value of the bonds at the redemption date was $305,000.

Instructions
Preparethe journal entry to record the redemption of the bonds.

Ex. 173

Presentedbelow are three independent situations:

(a) Howell Corporation purchased $250,000 of its bonds on June 30, 2008, at 102 and immediately retired them. The carrying value of the bonds on the retirement date was $229,500. The bonds pay semiannual interest and the interest payment due on June 30, 2008, has been made and recorded.

(b) Justice, Inc. purchased $200,000 of its bonds at 97 on June 30, 2008, and immediately retired them. The carrying value of the bonds on the retirement date was $196,500. The bonds pay semiannual interest and the interest payment due on June 30, 2008, has been made and recorded.

(c) Starr Company has $80,000, 10%, 12-year convertible bonds outstanding. These bonds were sold at face value and pay semiannual interest on June 30 and December 31 of each year. The bonds are convertible into 40 shares of Starr $5 par value common stock for each $1,000 par value bond. On December 31, 2008, after the bond interest has been paid, $30,000 par value of bonds were converted. The market value of Starr’s common stock was $38 per share on December 31, 2008.

Instructions

For each of the independent situations, prepare the journal entry to record the retirement or conversion of the bonds.

Ex. 174

Riley Company issued a $1,500,000, 10%, 10-year mortgage note payable to finance the construction of a building at December 31, 2008. The terms provide for semiannual installment payments of $120,365.

Instructions
Preparethe entry to record:
(a) the mortgage loan on December 31, 2008. (b) the first installment payment.

Ex. 175

Downey Corporation issues a $2,000,000, 12%, 20-year mortgage note payable on December 31, 2008, to obtain needed financing for the construction of a building addition. The terms provide for semiannual installment payments of $132,924 on June 30 and December 31.

Instructions

(a) Prepare the journal entries to record the mortgage loan on December 31, 2008, and the first installment payment.

(b) Will the amount of principal reduction in the second installment payment be more or less than with the first installment payment?

Ex. 176

Presented below are three different aircraft lease transactions that occurred for Midwest Airways in 2008. All the leases start on January 1, 2008. In no case does Midwest receive title to the aircraft during or at the end of the lease period; nor is there a bargain purchase option.

Lessor

Type of property Yearlyrental Lease term
Estimatedeconomic life Fair market value of
leased asset Presentvalue of lease
rental payments
Vannoy Insurance

747 Aircraft $7,445,064 15 years 25 years

$69,300,000

$63,000,000
Mark Leasing

727 Aircraft $5,449,423 15 years 25 years

$54,000,000

$46,000,000
Gregg Leasing

L-1011 Aircraft $2,851,861
20 years 25 years

$32,000,000

$28,000,000

Instructions
(a) Which of the above leases are operating leases and which are capital leases? Explain your answer.
(b) How should the lease transaction with Vannoy Insurance be recorded in 2008? (c) How should the lease transaction with Mark Leasing be recorded in 2008?

Ex. 177

Ley Corporation entered into the following transactions:

1. Gant Car Rental leased a car to Ley Corporation for one year. Terms of the operating lease call for monthly payments of $750.

2. On January 1, 2008, Ley Corporation entered into an agreement to lease 20 machines from Weiss Corporation. The terms of the lease agreement require an initial payment of $300,000 and then three annual rental payments of $360,000 beginning on December 31, 2008. The present value of the three rental payments is $895,265. The lease is a capital lease.

Instructions

Prepare the appropriate journal entries to be made by Ley Corporation in January related to the lease transactions.

Ex. 178

On January 1, 2008, Rilee Inc. entered into an agreement to lease equipment from Finley Corporation. The lease agreement requires five annual rental payments of $70,000 beginning December 31, 2008. The present value of the rental payments is $265,356. The lease transfers substantially all the benefits and risks of ownership to Rilee.

Instructions
Preparethe entry to record the lease agreement on the books of Rilee Inc. on January 1, 2008.

Ex. 179

The adjusted trial balance for Payne Corporation at the end of the current year contained the following accounts:

Bonds payable, 10%……………………………………………………. Bond interest payable………………………………………………….. Discounton bonds payable………………………………………….. Lease liability……………………………………………………………… Mortgagenotes payable, 9%, due 2011…………………………. Accountspayable………………………………………………………..
$800,000 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 120,000

Instructions
(a) Prepare the long-term liabilities section of the balance sheet.
(b) Indicate the proper balance sheet classification for the accounts listed above that do not belong in the long-term liabilities section.

Ex. 180

On January 1, 2008, Quayle Corporation issued $400,000, 9%, 5-year bonds for $384,556. The bonds were sold to yield an effective-interest rate of 10%. Interest is paid semiannually on June 30 and December 31. The company uses the effective-interest method of amortization.

Instructions
(a) Prepare a bond discount amortization schedule which shows the amortization of discount for the first two interest payment dates. (Round to the nearest dollar.)

(b) Prepare the journal entries that Quayle Corporation would make on January 1, June 30, and December31, 2008, related to the bond issue.

Ex. 181

On June 30, 2008, Wayne, Inc. sold $2,000,000 (face value) of bonds. The bonds are dated June 30, 2008, pay interest semiannually on December 31 and June 30, and will mature on June 30, 2011. The following schedule was prepared by the accountant for 2008.

Semi-Annual Interest Period

1
Interestto

be Paid

$80,000
Interest Expense

$87,750

Amortization

$7,750
Unamortized
Amount
$50,000 42,250
Bond Carrying Value
$1,950,000 1,957,750

Instructions
On the basis of the above information, answer the following questions. (Round your answer to the nearest dollar or percent.)

1. What is the stated interest rate for this bond issue?

2. What is the market interest rate for this bond issue?

3. What was the selling price of the bonds as a percentage of the face value?

4. Prepare the journal entry to record the sale of the bond issue on June 30, 2008.

5. Prepare the journal entry to record the payment of interest and amortization on December 31, 2008.

Ex. 182

On January 1, 2008, Lester Corporation issued $2,000,000, 9%, 5-year bonds dated January 1, 2008, at 96. The bonds pay semiannual interest on January 1 and July 1. The company uses the straight-line method of amortization and has a calendar year end.

Instructions
Prepare all the journal entries that Lester Corporation would make related to this bond issue through January 1, 2009. Be sure to indicate the date on which the entries would be made.

Ex. 183

Unruh Company issued $900,000, 10%, 20-year bonds on January 1, 2008, at 104. Interest is payable semiannually on July 1 and January 1. Unruh uses the straight-line method of amortization and has a calendar year end.

Instructions

Prepareall journal entries made in 2008 related to the bond issue.

Ex. 184

Karly Company issued $250,000, 11%, 10-year bonds on December 31, 2008, for $230,000. Interest is payable semiannually on June 30 and December 31. Karly uses the straight-line method of amortization and has a calendar year end.

Instructions
Preparethe appropriatejournal entries on (a) December 31, 2008.
(b) June 30, 2009.

COMPLETION STATEMENTS

185. Bonds that mature at a single specified future date are called bonds, whereas bonds that mature in installments are called bonds.

186. The terms of a bond issue are set forth in a formal legal document called a bond

.

187. Unsecured bonds that are issued against the general credit of the borrower are called

bonds.

188. If bonds were issued at a premium, then the contractual interest rate was

than the market interest rate.

189. Discount on Bonds Payable is (from)(to) bonds payable on the balance sheet. Premium on Bonds Payable is (from)(to) bonds payable on the balance sheet.

190. If bonds are issued at face value (par), it indicates that the interest rate must be equal to the interest rate.

191. If a $1 million, 10%, 10-year bond issue was sold at 96, the cash proceeds from the issuance of the bonds amounted to $ .

192. When bonds are converted into common stock and the conversion is recorded, the

of the bonds is transferred to paid-in capital accounts.

193. A lease may be classified as an lease or as a

lease.

a194. The market price of a bond is obtained by discounting to its present value the

paid at maturity, and all payments to be made over the term of the bond.

a195. When there is a difference between the straight-line and effective-interest methods of amortization, the method is required under GAAP.

a196. A method of amortizing bond discount or premium that allocates an equal amount each period is the method.

a197. The straight-line method of amortization allocates the same amount to

in each interest period.

MATCHING

198. Match the items below by entering the appropriate code letter in the space provided.

A. Serial bonds
B. Debenturebonds C. Bond indenture
D. Premiumon bonds payable E. Discounton bonds payable
F. Effective-interestmethod of amortization
G. Straight-linemethod of amortization H. Bonds
I. Debt to total assets ratio J. Capital lease
K. Operatinglease L. Registeredbonds

1. A contractual arrangement which is in effect a purchase of property.

2. A legal document that sets forth the terms of a bond issue.

3. Bonds that mature in installments.

a4. Produces a periodic interest expense equal to a constant percentage of the carrying value of the bonds.

5. Bonds issued in the name of the owner.

6. A form of interest-bearing notes payable used by corporations.

7. Occurs when the contractual interest rate is greater than the market interest rate.

8. Unsecured bonds issued against the general credit of the borrower.

9. A contractual arrangement that gives the lessee temporary use of property.

10. A solvency measure that indicates the percentage of assets provided by creditors.

11. Occurs when the contractual interest rate is less than the market interest rate.

a12. Produces a periodic interest expense that is the same amount each interest period.

SHORT-ANSWERESSAY QUESTIONS
S-AE 199
Bonds are frequently issued at amounts greater or less than face value. Describe how the market interest rate, relative to the contractual interest rate, affects the selling price of bonds. Also explain the rationale for requiring an investor to pay accrued interest when a bond is purchased between interest payment dates.

S-AE 200

A company desires to replace its current plant equipment with new equipment that costs $10,000,000. One possibility would be for the company to issue $10,000,000 of bonds and use the proceeds to purchase the equipment. Another possibility is to acquire the use of the equipment by signing a long-term capital lease with a leasing company. Describe and compare the financial statement effects of these two alternatives.

S-AE 201

When a bond sells at a discount, what is probably true about the market interest rate versus the stated interest rate? Discuss.

S-AE 202

Bonds may be redeemed (retired) before maturity by the issuing corporation. Explain why a company would decide to retire bonds before maturity and the necessary steps to record the redemption.

S-AE 203 (Ethics)

Jeff Weaver, a 26-year-old entrepreneur, started Bells & Whistles (B&W), Inc., a firm that specializes in top-of-the-line add-ons for computer systems. The firm has a capital structure of approximately 60% debt. This was necessitated by the rapid growth of B&W, and Mr. Weaver’s lack of personal funds to sustain the growth. The 60% debt amount is quite high for firms in this field, and in fact slightly exceeds the debt covenants negotiated with the bank. B&W recently received notice that the bank considers the company’s debt to be excessive, and that some accelerated repayment schedule will be adopted. The notice came at a particularly bad time. B&W is in the midst of a major upgrade of its own computer system. The hardware was to have been purchased outright, financed by the seller, Mike Bogg, longtime friend of Mr. Weaver.

Mr. Bogg really needs Mr. Weaver’s business. Both believe in the long-term strength of B&W. He therefore suggests to Mr. Weaver that the equipment be purchased by means of a short-term lease. Mr. Weaver could renew the lease annually.

Required:
1. Is Mr. Bogg’s suggestion ethical? Explain.
2. If Mr. Weaver accepts the suggestion, is he behaving ethically? Explain.

S-AE 204 (Communication)

Betty Jones works for Trend Press, a fairly large book publishing firm. Her best friend and rival, Rita, works for Walden Books, a smaller publisher. Both companies issue $100,000 in bonds on July 1. Trend’s bonds were issued at a discount, while Walden’s were issued at a premium. Rita sent Betty a fax the next day. She told Betty that it was obvious who the better publisher was— the market had shown its preference! She reminded Betty again of her recent increase in salary as further proof of the superiority of Walden Books.

Required:

Draft a short note for Betty to send to Rita. Explain how such a result could occur.