CIS/401 Discussion Questions Week 1-11
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CIS 401 Week 1 Discussion 1
“Windows Deployment” Please respond to the following:
Envision that you work as an IT support specialist for BJTechSolutions. You want to reduce the attack surface of several of your Server 2008 servers. You are considering using Server Core for as many servers as possible. From previous experience and education, compare the advantages and disadvantages of using a Server Core. Provide a scenario in which using a Server Core would be beneficial.
Imagine that you work as an IT support specialist for BJTechSolutions. You want to deploy basic server Windows 2008 images to 20 computers. Eight of the computers have one motherboard type using a 32-bit processor. Nine of the computers are using another 32-bit motherboard. The last three servers are using 64-bit processors. Windows Deployment Services (WDS) and Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK) are tools that enable administrators to deploy the Windows operating systems automatically. Evaluate both methodologies and explain why and how you would use one over the other in this scenario.
CIS 401 Week 1 Discussion 2
“Windows Server 2008 Editions” Please respond to the following:
The total cost of ownership (TCO) is a key consideration in any action taken by the IT Department at BJTechSolutions. Imagine that you were recently asked, “What’s the least expensive way that we can get what we need for our servers? Do we need to upgrade or can we just stay with what we’re using currently?” From the e-Activity, compare the differences between the original and R2 versions of Windows Server 2008, and examine two advantages and disadvantages of each.
Suppose that another question you were asked was, “What’s the most cost-effective Server version to use for a Web server?” Analyze why the Web Edition might be preferred to a Standard or Enterprise Edition of Windows Server 2008 in a multilayered network.
CIS 401 Week 2 Discussion 1
“Designing and Troubleshooting DHCP Infrastructure” Please respond to the following:
Compare and contrast distributed and centralized DHCP infrastructures. Include both logical and physical elements of a DHCP server distribution in your discussion. Create a scenario in which a hybrid DHCP installation may be a better choice than either distributed or centralized.
Imagine that you manage a DHCP server on the network that has been working well for several months. A router on the network fails and is replaced with a legacy router. After a few days, several clients begin receiving APIPA addresses in the 169.254.0.0/16 range. Other clients are receiving DHCP leases as expected. Identify the questions you should answer in order to quickly identify the source of the problem, state what the problem most likely is, and propose a solution.
CIS 401 Week 2 Discussion 2
“Internal versus External Domains” Please respond to the following:
From the e-Activity, compare internal and external domain namespace, when and where each would be used, and why.
Evaluate the advantages of using subdomains (the recommended Microsoft solution) in a DNS-naming structure.
CIS 401 Week 3 Discussion 1
“Global Catalog” Please respond to the following:
From the e-Activity, examine a Global Catalog server and its purpose. Compare and contrast its role in a single-domain forest and in a multi-domain forest.
Imagine that you manage a two-domain forest. Each domain hosts two domain controllers. All domain controllers are global catalog servers. Assess what is wrong in this configuration and propose a solution as to what should be done to optimize this configuration.
CIS 401 Week 3 Discussion 2
“Difference between Site and Domain” Please respond to the following:
Envision that you’re a network administrator in an enterprise that has multiple locations and multiple domains. One of the Web application developers notices that it’s possible to log on to one of two different domains, at any of the enterprise’s five different locations. He does some research and sees that groups and policies are both affected by site and domain boundaries. He doesn’t understand the difference between a site and a domain and asks you for an explanation. Assess the differences between a site and a domain. Determine in which situations a site and a domain have effectively the same boundaries, and when they might be different.
Create an example to illustrate your answer from the previous discussion point.
CIS 401 Week 4 Discussion 1
“Application Service Roles” Please respond to the following.
Analyze the relevance of having multiple types of applications that can be deployed on a network. Develop an overview of at least one application service role.
Differentiate at least two services that constitute the application service role that you have selected in the previous discussion point.
CIS 401 Week 4 Discussion 2
“Servers” Please respond to the following:
As always, the total cost of ownership (TCO) is a key consideration in any action taken by the IT Department at BJTechSolutions. Imagine that you were recently asked, “What’s the least expensive way to provide satisfactory service levels on a medium-sized production network?” Analyze the differences between System Center Essentials and System Center Configuration Manager and explain why these tools might be critical to the ongoing health of a Windows Server system.
A related question to TCO was, “What’s the smallest number of servers we need to provide satisfactory service levels to our customers on our [medium-sized] production network?” From the e-Activity, determine the advantages and disadvantages of assigning multiple roles to a single server.
CIS 401 Week 5 Discussion 1
“Print Services” Please respond to the following:
Imagine that the VP for Services at the university you work for has been getting a lot of complaints recently, from both administration and faculty, about the new policy requiring them to pay for print services from their departmental budgets. Provide insight on why enterprise print services are receiving such attention today.
Suppose that another area where administration and faculty are distressed is the limited number of printers. It seems as if the print jobs aren’t getting printed as quickly as they have in the past. From the e-Activity, provide reasons for prioritizing the use of printers and print services. Determine the key advantages and disadvantages of assigning print and printer priorities.
CIS 401 Week 5 Discussion 2
“DFS and Deploying File Servers” Please respond to the following:
Imagine that you manage file servers running Windows Server 2008 with the File Services role installed. Users run Windows XP and Windows 7. The file servers host research data that about 1,000 researchers often search when creating scientific papers. Identify common problems users may experience locating and accessing files and folders in enterprise networks that have multiple sites. Determine how the two services included in DFS address these problems you mentioned.
Envision that you are a senior domain administrator at BJTechSolutions. The company has recently upgraded its DCs to Windows Server 2008 Enterprise. Its member servers run Windows Server 2003 R2 and there are no immediate plans to upgrade. The Chief Executive Officer is concerned that some employees habitually store music and video files in shared folders on servers. She wants you to prevent it. The training manager, however, is concerned that company-approved training video files should remain on the system and the new training files can be saved to folders as required. Propose how you would handle these apparently contradictory requirements.
CIS 401 Week 6 Discussion 1
“Planning Server Storage” Please respond to the following:
From the e-Activity, provide two situation(s) where you would consider attempting to maximize current systems, rather than investing in new storage capability. Support your reasoning.
Imagine that you work as an IT support specialist for BJTechSolutions and your responsibilities include managing server storage. Your network is composed of 30 computers running Windows Server 2008 and 300 computers running Windows 7 Professional. Two of the company’s computers running Windows Server 2008 and 20 running Windows XP are located in a high-security research lab. Although these computers are connected to one another, they are physically disconnected from the rest of the BJTechSolutions network and from the Internet. You have been asked to implement a storage solution. Compare and contrast the use of Network Attached Storage (NAS) and Storage Area Network (SAN) as a storage solution. Justify why you would use one technology over the other.
CIS 401 Week 6 Discussion 2
“Planning for High Availability” Please respond to the following:
Suppose that you work as a network administrator for BJTechSolutions. Your job responsibilities include supporting company servers. The BJTechSolutions network hosts a Web server that runs on a single server named Websvr1. Recently, traffic to the Website has been increasing, and the performance of the Web server has been deteriorating. Traffic to the Website is expected to continue to increase over the next five to eight years. You need a solution that can solve the performance problems of the Web server and meet the increasing workload requirements for the Website for the next five to eight years. Evaluate all of the possible solutions you could use and select the technology you would use for this critical mission. Support your position.
Envision that you are researching the requirements to install Microsoft SQL Server 2005 on a Windows Server 2008 server. Your solution must include redundancy for SQL Server if a single server fails. Explain the differences between site resiliency and high availability. Assess whether or not both solutions are necessary in small and medium-sized businesses. If not, determine which solution you would use.
CIS 401 Week 7 Discussion 1
“System Security Measures” Please respond to the following:
Compare the benefits and costs of using a number of different methods for physically and logically securing network servers. Determine the interrelationship between physical and logical security measures.
From the e-Activity, evaluate the features and benefits of the Microsoft Security Compliance Manager. Argue whether or not there are “downsides” to using the SCM.
CIS 401 Week 7 Discussion 2
“PKI and Certificate Template” Please respond to the following:
University networks are very often prone to attacks by hackers because usually they are wide open and students sometimes share their password more openly in this environment. Determine whether or not public key infrastructure (PKI) infrastructure may or may not be a good replacement to the traditional username / password authentication. Support your position.
Imagine that your company has deployed a PKI and issues certificates for a variety of purposes. Because of a security breach in the past, several certificates were revoked and the certificate revocation list (CRL) has become quite large. You are tasked with standing up a server that will use the Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) to answer certificate status requests. Briefly analyze how the PKI works, determine any security key management issues, and propose a solution to the CRL problem.
CIS 401 Week 8 Discussion 1
“Administration Made Easier” Please respond to the following:
Explain why you have or have not taken advantage of Microsoft Management Consoles (MMCs) in your work with Windows operating systems. Predict whether you will or will not use MMCs in your work in the future. Extrapolate your argument, to explain when, and where, the use of an MMC could prove advantageous in your future work with Windows Server systems.
From the first e-Activity, determine whether or not the MMC is a useful tool for managing Windows servers (and other endpoints), considering MMCs have been available since at least 2000 Server.
CIS 401 Week 8 Discussion 2
“Patch Management ” Please respond to the following:
Some server administrators claim that WSUS is not the ultimate solution for patch management. There are other Microsoft and third-part patch management tools. From the second e-Activity, assess the technology you would use to meet the update that management needs for a large business with thousands of computers across cities. Support your technology selection.
Envision that the head office of your large company is located in New York and 30 branch offices are spread out across the U.S. Thirty percent of your organization workforce uses laptop computers and most of these employees visit different branch offices each week. For the patch management and security of your company, you are debating between these three options:
Deploying WSUS on Windows 2008 server at the head office then applying a phased rollout of WSUS at the satellite offices
Using local group policy to manage patches (or Windows updates) at each local office
Using an hybrid model composed of the two options above (WSUS and group policy)
Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of configuring an automatic Windows update through local group policy versus using WSUS. Propose your strategy, taking into account WAN and LAN bandwidth costs, reporting, overhead maintenance cost, implementation cost, and security.
CIS 401 Week 9 Discussion 1
“Best Practices Analysis ” Please respond to the following:
From the e-Activity, synthesize how the Best Practice Analyzer (BPA) contributes to optimizing Windows server performance. Determine how the BPA fits into the performance monitoring function.
When monitoring servers, it is very important to use the appropriate tool to perform the monitoring functions. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of using the monitoring tools built into Windows Server 2008, as opposed to third-party applications. Select the most appropriate Windows Server 2008 tool and events to suit the type of monitoring you would do in a scenario of your choice. Evaluate why this is the best solution.
CIS 401 Week 9 Discussion 2
“Server Environment” Please respond to the following:
Determine at least two reasons that can create bottlenecks in a Windows server 2008. Create an example for each situation.
Suppose that your network has 30 servers running Windows Server 2008, 7 servers running Red Hat Linux, and 500 Windows desktops. Assess whether monitoring network performance is more complicated than monitoring server performance. Support your argument with an example.
CIS 401 Week 10 Discussion 1
“Backing Up Data” Please respond to the following:
From the e-Activity, evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using the built-in backup tools in Windows Server 2008.
Imagine that you are planning the backup strategy for your company in light of your soon-to-be-completed migration from all servers running Windows 2000 Server to running the Windows Server 2008 operating system. Determine whether or not there is a single best medium and method for performing backups. Support your position and be sure to include items other than cost (such as ease-of-use, reliability, sustainability, off-site backup strategy, etc.).
CIS 401 Week 10 Discussion 2
“Backing Up Active Directory and Disaster Recovery” Please respond to the following:
Imagine that you currently use grandfather / father / son (G/F/S) backups (i.e., you have three sets of backups – daily, weekly, monthly – the daily, or “son”, backups are rotated daily, with one becoming the weekly “father”; the “father” backups are rotated on a weekly basis, with one becoming the “grandfather” each month.
Suppose that this has worked for you, so far. Nonetheless, your boss mentions that she’s heard that there are a number of issues with using the traditional backup strategy of “grandfather / father / son”. Since this is the method your enterprise has always used, she’s quite concerned about this. She directs you to do some research. Analyze what the issues are with G/F/S backups, and determine whether or not there’s a better way to do backups.
Also, imagine that there’s a concern about whether or not backups should be stored off-site, as is traditionally done, or locally, to make them more immediately available. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of local vs. remote backups – be sure to include monetary costs associated with each method, as well as cost in time (e.g., to recover the remote backups) and data loss (e.g., through theft).
CIS 401 Week 11 Discussion 1
“Course Takeaway” Please respond to the following:
Share two new insights about network server administration you have discovered from this course.
Explain how this type of course is essential for every network security professional.
CIS 401 Week 11 Discussion 2
“Sum It Up” Please respond to the following:
Write a speech that you would give to a friend in an elevator summing up the contents of this course. You have 30 to 90 seconds to inform your friend of the most important elements. Go!
The textbook identified several areas of network server administration. Sum up the most important concept that you learned in 160 characters or less.