ECO/405 Week 5 Quiz – Strayer
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The Economics Of Education: Crisis And Reform
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According To The Census Bureau, High School Graduates Can Expect To Earn How Much During Their Working Years?
B. $1.2 M
C. $2.1 M
D. $2.5 M
E. $4.4 M
2. According To The Census Bureau, A College Education Adds How Much To Earnings Over A Person’s Work-Life?
A. Nearly $1m
B. $2.1 M
D. $4.4 M
E. Over $5 M
3. According To The Census Bureau, Someone With A Professional Degree Can Earn Approximately How Much During A Typical Work-Life?
A. $1 M
B. $1.2 M
C. $2.5 M
D. $4.4 M
E. Over $5m
4. Where Did U.S. Eighth Grade Students Rank Internationally In Terms Of Average Math Scores In 2007?
A. At The Top
C. Near The Middle
D. Next To The Bottom
E. At The Bottom
5. Where Did U.S. Eighth Grade Students Rank Internationally In Terms Of Average Science Scores In 2007?
A. At The Top
C. In The Middle
D. In The Bottom Half
E. At Bottom
6. Which Of The Following Is An Important Difference Between The United States And Other Countries In Terms Of Their K-12 Education System?
A. The United States Spends Less On Education Per Pupil Than Most Other Countries
B. The United States Spends A Higher Percentage Of Its Gdp On Education Than Other Countries
C. The United States Has A Shorter School Year Than Most Other Countries
D. The United States Has A Purely Private Market For Education
E. All Of The Above
7. About How Much Does The United States Spend On Education, Per Pupil?
8. Approximately What Percent Of Its Gdp Does The United States Spend On Education?
9. Which Of The Following Best Describes The U.S. K-12 Educational System?
A. It Is Largely Private
B. It Is Mainly Private With Some Public Education
C. It Is About Half Public And Half Private
D. It Is Predominantly Public
E. It Is Exclusively Public
10. Which Of The Following Is Of The U.S. K-12 Education System Relative To The K-12 Education System Of Other Developed Countries?
A. It Has Lower Expenditures Per Pupil And Lower Achievement
B. It Has Lower Expenditures Per Pupil And Higher Achievement
C. It Has Higher Expenditures Per Pupil And Lower Achievement
D. It Has Higher Expenditures Per Pupil And Higher Achievement
E. It Has Equivalent Expenditures Per Pupil And Achievement
11. In 2003, Approximately What Percent Of School Aged Children Attended Public Schools?
Questions 12 – 17 Refer To The Graph Below.
12. What Assumption Is Shown By The Fact That Mpc = Msc On The Graph?
A. This Graph Is For Public Education
B. There Are No Positive Externalities Associated With Education
C. Education Has Positive Spillover Benefits For Society
D. The Market Will Produce The Socially Optimal Quantity Of Education
E. This Graph Illustrates A Private Market For Education
13. What Is This Family’s Willingness To Pay For A First Year Of Education?
14. What Is The Equilibrium Level Of Education In This Market?
A. 0 Years
B. 1 Year
C. 12 Years
D. 16 Years
E. Between 12 And 16 Years
15. What Tuition Would Result In The Family Demanding 16 Years Of Education?
B. Less Than $4,000
16. Which Of The Following Is For The First Years Of Education?
A. Mpb < Mpc B. Mpb > Mpc
C. Msb > Msc
D. Msb < Msc
E. Mpb = Msb
17. Which Of The Following Is For The 16th Year Of Education?
A. Mpb < Mpc B. Mpb > Mpc
C. Msb > Msc
D. Msb < Msc E. Mpb = Msb Questions 18 – 23 Refer To The Graph Below. 18. For Which Level Of Education Is The Family’s Mpb > Mpc?
A. 1 Year
B. Between 0 And E1 Years
C. Between E1 And E* Years
D. Exactly E1 Years
E. Exactly E* Years
19. The Negative Slope Of The Demand Curve Shows That
A. The Marginal Cost Of Education Increases As More Is Purchased
B. The Marginal Benefit Of Education Increases As More Is Purchased
C. The Marginal Benefit Of Each Additional Year Of Education Decreases
D. There Are Positive Spillover Benefits Of Education
E. Tuition Can Be Raised Above T1 Dollars
20. The Socially Optimal Level Of Education
A. Is 0 Years
B. Is 1 Year
C. Is E1 Years
D. Is E* Years.
E. Cannot Be Determined From The Diagram.
21. For Which Year Of Education Is The Family’s Mpb < Mpc? A. 0 Years B. 1 Year C. E1 Years D. E* Years E. None Of The Above 22. The Slope Of The Supply Curve Indicates That The A. Marginal Cost Of A Year Of Education Is Constant B. Marginal Benefit Of An Additional Year Of Education Increases C. Marginal Benefit Of An Additional Year Of Education Is Constant D. Marginal Benefit Of An Additional Year Of Education Increases E. Cost Of Education Is Subsidized By The Public 23. In The Diagram, The Equilibrium Level Of Education Is A. 0 Years B. 1 Year C. E1 Years D. E* Years E. Between E1 And E* Years 24. What Happens To The Marginal Benefit Of Education As A Child Gets More Schooling? It Will A. Increase B. Decrease C. Stay The Same D. Become Infinite E. Become Negative 25. Which Of The Following Is A Benefit Of Increased Education? A. Improved Literacy B. Increased Earnings C. Improved Health D. Greater Satisfaction E. All Of The Above 26. A Family’s Demand For Education For A Child Reflects The Family’s A. Income B. Preferences For Education C. Mpb Received From The Education D. Opportunity Cost Of Tuition E. All Of The Above 27. Which Of The Following Happens As Tuition Increases? A. The Demand For Education Increases B. The Demand For Education Decreases C. The Supply Of Education Increases D. The Years Of Education Demanded Fall E. The Cost Of Education Increases 28. The Supply Of Private Education Is Represented By A. The Mpb Curve B. The Mpc Curve C. The Msc Curve D. The Msb Curve E. None Of The Above 29. An Increase In The Demand For Education Will A. Increase The Supply Of Education B. Decrease The Equilibrium Tuition C. Decrease The Equilibrium Quantity Of Education D. Increase The Equilibrium Quantity Of Education E. Shift The Demand Curve For Education To The Left 30. A Decrease In The Cost Of Education Will A. Increase The Supply Of Education B. Increase The Equilibrium Tuition C. Decrease The Equilibrium Quantity Of Education D. Increase The Equilibrium Quantity Of Education E. Shift The Demand Curve For Education To The Left 31. Which Of The Following Will Decrease The Equilibrium Quantity Of Education In A Market? A. An Increase In The Demand For Education B. A Decrease In The Demand For Education C. A Decrease In Production Costs D. An Increase In The Supply Of Education E. None Of The Above 32. An Increase In Family Income Will A. Increase The Demand For Education B. Decrease The Demand For Education C. Increase The Quantity Of Education Supplied D. Increase The Quantity Of Education Demanded E. Decrease The Equilibrium Level Of Tuition 33. An Increase In The Marginal Benefit Of Education Will Cause Which Of The Following? A. The Demand Curve For Education Shifts Right B. The Demand Curve For Education Shifts Left C. The Supply Curve For Education Shifts Right D. The Supply Curve For Education Shifts Left E. The Equilibrium Number Of Years Of Education Will Decrease 34. The Creation Of New Learning Technologies Will Cause Which Of The Following To Decrease? A. The Demand For Education B. The Supply Of Education C. The Cost Of Education D. The Equilibrium Quantity Of Education E. The Number Of Children In School 35. If The Earnings Expected From A College Education Increase, It Will Lead To An Increase In A. The Demand For K-12 Education B. The Supply Of K-12 Education C. The Cost Of Education D. The Teacher Salaries E. All Of The Above 36. Education Is Said To Be Which Of The Following? A. Individually Consumed B. Individually Produced C. A Semi-Private Good D. A Private Good E. A Public Good 37. I Benefit Because You Become More Educated. This Is An Example Of A A. Negative Externality In Consumption B. Spillover Cost C. Positive Externality In Production D. Positive Externality In Consumption E. Negative Externality In Production 38. As The Number Of Years Of Education Increases, The Spillover Benefits Will A. Increase B. Decrease C. Stay The Same D. Become Negative E. None Of The Above 39. Which Of The Following Is An Example Of A Possible Spillover Benefit From Education? A. An Improved Democratic Process B. Improved Health C. Improved Public Safety D. More Charitable Giving E. All Of The Above 40. Students Learn About Health And Nutrition In School. This Provides A A. Positive Externality In Production B. Positive Externality In Consumption C. Negative Externality In Production D. Negative Externality In Consumption E. Cost To Society 41. Marginal Social Benefits Equal A. Mpb + Spillover Benefits B. Mpb – Spillover Benefits C. Mpcs D. Total Benefits + Positive Externalities In Consumption E. None Of The Above 42. With Positive Externalities In Consumption, The Market Equilibrium Quantity Will Be A. Greater Than Socially Optimal B. Less Than Socially Optimal C. Equal To The Socially Optimal Level D. Higher Than Otherwise E. None Of The Above 43. Educated Citizens Are More Likely To Be Informed Voters. This Is An Example Of A A. Positive Externality In Production B. Positive Externality In Consumption C. Negative Externality In Production D. Negative Externality In Consumption E. Cost To Society. 44. To Be Socially Optimal, Education Should Be Provided To The Point Where A. Mpb = Mpc B. Mpb = Msc C. Msb = Mpc D. Msb = Msc E. Mpb = Msb 45. The Existence Of Spillover Benefits Results In An Equilibrium Quantity In The Market That Is Socially Optimal. A. Higher Than B. Lower Than C. Equal To D. Better Than E. More Expansive Than 46. The Argument For Government Provision Of Education Hinges On The Existence Of A. Spillover Costs. B. Spillover Benefits. C. Voucher Programs. D. Negative Externalities In Production. E. Negative Externalities In Consumption Questions 47 – 50 Refer To The Graph Below. 47. The Socially Optimal Years Of Education Is A. 1 B. Between 1 And 11 C. 11 D. 12 E. 16 48. What Is The Equilibrium Number Of Years Of Education The Market Will Provide? A. 0 B. 1 C. 11 D. 12 E. 16 49. Which Of The Following Government Actions Will Move The Market Equilibrium To The Socially Optimal Number Of Years Of Education? A. A Tax On Education Equal To $1,000 B. A Tax On Education Equal To $3,000 C. A Tuition Subsidy Equal To $1,000 D. A Tuition Subsidy Equal To $3,000 E. Government Provision Of All Education 50. A Tuition Subsidy Of $6,000 Would Lead To A. The Socially Optimal Quantity Of Education B. Greater Than The Socially Optimal Quantity Of Education C. Less Than The Socially Optimal Quantity Of Education D. More Public Education E. A Budget Surplus Questions 51 – 54 Refer To The Graph Below. 51. The Socially Optimal Level Of Education Is A. 0 B. Between 0 And E1 C. E1 D. E2 E. E3 52. The Market Equilibrium Level Of Education Is A. 0 B. Between 0 And E1 C. E1 D. E2 E. E3 53. A Tuition Subsidy Equal To How Much Will Move The Market To The Socially Optimal Level Of Education? A. T3 – T2 B. T2 – T1 C. T3 – T1 D. T1 E. T2 54. A Tuition Subsidy Equal To T3 Would Result In Which Of The Following? A. The Socially Optimal Quantity Of Education B. Greater Than The Socially Optimal Quantity Of Education C. Less Than The Socially Optimal Quantity Of Education D. More Public Education E. A Budget Surplus 55. Greater Segregation Along Racial Lines Is A Likely Result Of A. Purely Private K-12 Education B. No Public K-12 Education C. Voucher Programs D. Tuition Subsidies E. All Of The Above 56. A Purely Private K-12 System Will Lead To A. Lower Private Costs B. Increased Public Costs C. Decreased Racial Segregation D. Increased Inequality E. Greater Social Benefits 57. In A Purely Private K-12 Education System, Spaces Would Be Allocated Based On A. Ability B. Equity C. Income D. Geographic Boundaries E. None Of The Above 58. In The Existing Public K-12 Education System, Spaces Are Allocated Based On A. Ability B. Equity C. Income D. Geographic Boundaries E. None Of The Above 59. A Program To Provide Public Funding For Students In Poor Performing Public Schools To Attend Other Schools Is Known As A. A Voucher Program B. A Charter School C. A Tuition Tax D. A Welfare Program E. Privatization 60. The Current K-12 Education System Can Be Described As A. Private B. Centralized C. Decentralized D. State Owned E. None Of The Above 61. Centralized Planning Leads To Which Of The Following? A. Limited Consumer Choice B. Decreased Quality C. Increased Prices D. Lack Of Responsiveness E. All Of The Above 62. Schools In Which Parents Or Other Groups Were Permitted To Create A New School With State Funding And Were Given Control Over Operations Are Known As A. Private Schools B. Voucher Schools C. Magnet Schools D. Experimental Schools E. Charter Schools 63. The Empirical Evidence Of The Effectiveness Of Voucher Programs Is Best Described As A. Positive B. Negative C. Inconsistent D. Substantial E. Nonexistent 64. Which Of The Following Is An Argument Against Voucher Programs? A. Cream Skimming B. Reduced Social Segregation C. Decreased Efficiency D. Increased Special Education E. All Of The Above 65. The Cream Skimming Argument Says That The Students Who Choose A Voucher Program Will Be A. Higher Income B. Lower Income C. Higher Achieving D. Non-Minority E. None Of The Above 66. Poor Students Are Less Likely To Participate In Voucher Programs Because Of A. Less Information B. Higher Transportation Costs C. Fewer Financial Resources D. A Weaker Tradition Of Education E. All Of The Above 67. Private School Cost Per Pupil Is Lower Because Of A. Fund Raising B. Private Contributions C. Student Fees D. Volunteer Labor E. All Of The Above 68. What Is The Relationship Between School Funding And Student Achievement? A. Positive B. Negative C. Mixed D. Unrelated E. Inverse 69. What Is The Relationship Between Student Achievement And Teacher Pay? A. Positive B. Negative C. Mixed D. Unrelated E. Inverse 70. What Is The Relationship Between Teacher Pay And A Shortage Of Teachers? A. Positive B. Negative C. Mixed D. Unrelated E. Direct 71. Public Schools Must Pay For Which Of The Following Expenses That Private Schools Do Not? A. Transportation B. Food C. Special Education D. All Of The Above E. None Of The Above 72. A Reduction In Class Size Should Be Undertaken As Long As The Marginal Benefit Of The Decrease Is A. Positive B. Negative C. Greater Than The Marginal Cost D. Less Than The Marginal Cost E. Increasing 73. Decreasing Average Class Size Without Changing Teacher Pay Leads To A. Lower Quality Teachers B. A Surplus Of Teachers C. Lower Costs Per Pupil D. Increased Segregation E. All Of The Above 74. Which Of The Following Statements Does Not Enjoy Widespread Agreement? A. Achievement Per Dollar In U.S. Education Is Too Low B. Reform Of The U.S. Education System Is Necessary To Maintain High Level Human Capital C. Smaller Class Sizes Can Improve Student Performance D. Voucher Programs Are The Most Effective Way To Improve The U.S. Education System E. Increased Teacher Pay Increases Teacher Quality 75. Education Could Be Considered A Semi-Private Good, Since A. There Are Spillover Benefits To Other Members Of Society Resulting From The Education Of A Child B. Education Of The Population Improves Everyone’s Lives Since It Results In Greater Productivity And Income For All Members Of Society C. There Are Benefits To Society From Education, Since It Reduces The Crime Rate D. Education Produces Positive Externalities To Society E. All Of The Above 76. If Government Wishes To Increase The Quantity Of Higher Education Consumed, What Can Be Done To Accomplish This? A. Charge Tuition That Is Below The Full Costs Of Providing The Educational Services B. Operate Public Colleges C. Provide Reduced Tuition To Students D. Any Of The Above Alternatives Would Increase The Consumption Of Education E. The Government Should Not Attempt To Increase Education, Since It Is A Private Good 77. Studies Of Voucher Programs Indicate That The Effects Of Vouchers On Student Achievement A. Are Small But Have Negative Impact On Student Performance B. Are Received Primarily By African-American And Economically Disadvantaged Children C. Have Yet To Be Examined In Large-Scale Programs D. Both B And C E. None Of The Above 78. Research On The Effects Of Charter Schools Show A. There Are Significantly Positive Impacts On Student Performance B. There Are Significantly Negative Impacts On Student Performance C. There Are Mixed Results, With Positive Impacts In Some Schools And Negative In Others D. Research Has Yet To Be Undertaken On These New Types Of Schools E. None Of The Above True / False Questions 79. A College Education Does Not Improve Earnings Over A High School Degree. 80. A Master’s Degree Increases Lifetime Earnings Over A Bachelor’s Degree By $2.5m Over High School Graduates. 81. More Education Will Increase The Revenue A Worker Adds To A Firm. 82. Improved Education Will Lead To Higher Economic Growth In A Country. 83. American High School Graduates Outperform All Other Countries On Math And Science Exams. 84. The Length Of The School Year In The United States Is Longer Than In Most Other Developed Countries. 85. The United States Spends Over $8,000 Per Pupil On Secondary Education. 86. The United States Is Toward The Middle Of Countries In Rankings Of Percent Of Gdp Per Capita Spent On Education. 87. Ninety Percent Of School-Aged Children Attend Public Schools In The United States. 88. There Are Approximately 50 Million School-Aged Children In The United States. 89. The Marginal Benefit Of Education Increases As A Student Completes More Years Of Education. 90. More Education Leads To Improved Decision-Making In Families. 91. The Move From Illiteracy To Literacy Has High Marginal Benefits. 92. A Family’s Demand For Education Comes From Its Marginal Private Benefits. 93. The Demand Curve For Education Has A Positive Slope. 94. Lower Tuition Rates Lead To Less Education. 95. Without Public Schools, There Would Be No K-12 Education. 96. Without Market Provision Of Education, There Is No Mechanism For Quality Control. 97. A Family Will Purchase Private Education As Long As The Mpb > Mpc.
98. Increased Income Will Increase The Demand For Education.
99. New Learning Technologies Will Increase The Cost Of Providing K-12 Education.
100. Everyone Agrees That Education Provides Significant Positive Spillover Benefits.
101. Years Of Education Completed Are Negatively Related To Criminal Activities.
102. The Greatest Positive Externalities Accrue In The Early Years Of K-12 Education.
103. Msb Of Education = Mpb + Positive Externalities.
104. If There Are Positive Externalities From Education, The Market Will Not Produce The Socially Optimal Level Of Education.
105. The Government Can Increase The Equilibrium Quantity Of Education In A Market Through Tuition Subsidies.
106. A Significant Positive Externality Of Education Would Support The Argument Against Public Education.
107. Public K-12 Education Facilitates Equal Opportunity.
108. A Purely Private K-12 Education System Would Increase Existing Segregation.
109. Markets Ration Education Based On A Price/Quality Trade-Off.
110. Public Schools Ration Education Based On A Price/Quality Tradeoff.
111. Voucher Programs Fund Students To Attend Poor Performing Schools.
112. Charter Schools Are Privately Funded And Community Controlled.
113. High-Income Students And Their Families Are More Likely To Benefit From Voucher Programs.
114. Voucher Programs Have Been Accused Of “Cream Skimming.”
115. The Costs Of Private Schools Are Greater Than Their Tuition.
116. Private Schools Must Pay Some Types Of Costs That Public Schools Do Not.
117. Economists Agree That Voucher Programs Improve K-12 Education.
118. Smaller Class Size Increases Student Achievement.
119. Higher Teacher Salaries Do Not Change Student Achievement.
120. The Achievement Of Low-Income Students Improves More With Smaller Class Sizes, Relative To Higher Income Students.
121. Smaller Class Size Is Always Cost-Effective.
122. Increased School Funding Increases Student Achievement.
123. Increasing Teachers’ Salaries Does Not Affect Student Achievement.
124. The Opportunity Cost Of Becoming A Teacher Is The Salary Of Similarly Trained Professionals.
125. Increased Spending On K-12 Education Is Certain To Be Cost-Effective.
126. The United States’ K-12 Education System Has An Efficient Level Of Achievement Per Dollar Spent.
127. Increased Competition In K-12 Education Can Lead To An Improved Education System.
128. Targeting Increased Funding To Programs For Disadvantaged Children Is The Most Cost-Effective.