# ECO 405 Week 6 Quiz 5 Chapter 7 – Strayer

ECO 405 Week 6 Quiz – Strayer (All Possible Questions With Answers)

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Chapter 07

Poverty And Discrimination: Why Are So Many Still So Poor?

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The Government’s Method Of Calculating The Official Poverty Rate
A. Does Not Take Into Account Differences In The Cost Of Living In Different Parts Of The Country
B. Does Not Account For The Value Of In-Kind Benefits Received By Poor Families
C. Is Based On Pre-Tax Household Income
D. Does All Of The Above
E. Does None Of The Above

2. The Incidence Of Poverty Is Highest Among
A. Black Families
B. Families Headed By A Female
C. Young Families
D. White Families
E. Small Families

3. The Percentage Of The U.S. Population Living In Poverty
A. Shows A Long-Term Increase
B. Is Holding Steady Over The Long Run
C. Is Not A Serious Economic Problem
D. Decreased Significantly In The Past Decade
E. Fluctuates Dramatically From Year To Year

4. The Official U.S. Poverty Definition Is An Income Sufficient To Provide
A. Minimum Biological Needs
B. Three Times The Cost Of An Economy Food Budget
C. The Income Of The Poorest 8% Of The Families
D. The Average U.S. Welfare Allowance
E. None Of The Above

5. How Is The Official “Poverty Threshold” Calculated?
A. Determine The Minimum Income Necessary For A Family To Purchase Clothing And Shelter, And Then Multiply By Three
B. Determine The Minimum Income Necessary For A Family To Live At A “Subsistence Level” In A Rural Community
C. Determine The Amount Of Income Necessary For A Family To Live On Without Becoming Eligible For Food Stamps
D. Determine The Minimum Income Necessary For A Family To Purchase An Adequate Diet, And Then Multiply By Three
E. None Of The Above

6. Which Of The Following Demographic Groups Historically Has The Highest Incidence Of Poverty?
A. White, Married Couples With No Children Living At Home
B. Black Families, Headed By A Male Income Earner, With Children Living At Home
C. Female Headed Black Families With Children Living At Home
D. Hispanic Families In Rural Areas With Children Living At Home
E. White, Female Headed Families In Urban Areas With No Children Living At Home

7. Critics Have Argued That The Official Definition Of Poverty Should
A. Account For Differences In The Cost Of Living In Different Regions Of The Country
B. Be Revised To Reflect The Fact That The Average Family Now Spends Less Than A Third Of Its Income On Food
C. Make Allowances For In-Kind Benefits Received By Poor Families
D. Be Based On A Family’s After-Tax Income
E. All Of The Above

8. The Incidence Of Poverty Falls Most Heavily On
A. Families With A Young Person As Head
B. Families With A Female As Head
C. Minority Groups
D. Children
E. All Of The Above

9. Most Poor People Are Poor Because They
A. Are Lazy
B. Are Exploited
C. Own Resources That Are Not Worth Much
D. Are Old
E. Are All Of The Above

10. Poverty In The Us Occurs As A Result Of
B. A Shortage Of Resources
C. The Occurrence Of Wars And Natural Disasters
D. Unequal Distribution Of Income
E. None Of The Above

11. Since 1960, Income Inequality Has
A. Stayed The Same
B. Fallen, Then Risen
E. Decreased Rapidly

12. The Distribution Of Income Among Persons Is Determined By
A. The Distribution Of Resource Ownership
B. The Prices Paid For Resources Of Different Kinds In Different Employments
C. Government Income-Support Programs
D. Both (A) And (B).
E. All Of The Above

13. Which Of The Following Statements Is Concerning Income Equality?
A. The Share Of Income Received By The Top 5% Remained Declined Between 1960 And 2000
B. The Share Of Income Received By The Top 5% Increased By About 20% Between 1960 And 2000
C. The Share Of Income Received By The Lower 20% Of Families Increased Significantly Between 1960 And 2000
D. The United States Has Achieved Income Inequality
E. None Of The Above

14. The Official “Poverty Threshold” Used By The U.S. Government Is Based On A(N) ______________ Definition Of Poverty.
A. Relative
B. Comparative
C. Absolute
D. Abstract
E. Economic

15. A Number Of Reasons Have Been Given To Explain Increasing Income Inequality In The Us Over The Last Few Decades. One Of These Is
A. The Decline Of The Us Manufacturing Sector
B. The Growth Of Unionization Through The Us
C. Increases In Tax Rates On The Wealthy
D. Improvements In Productivity
E. The Use Of Computers In The Workplace

16. The Ownership Of Capital Resources Varies Widely Among Individuals. Which Of The Following Is Not A Reason For This Variation?
A. Ethnic Background
B. Inheritance
C. Motivation To Accumulate
D. Luck
E. All Of The Above

17. Which Of The Following Best Describes The Trend In The Share Of Income Received By The Lowest 20% Of Families In The United States? The Lowest 20% Of Families Receive
A. 15% Of The Income, And Their Share Has Been Rising Since Wwii
B. 25% Of The Income, And Their Share Has Been Falling Since The 1960s
C. Less Than 5% Of The Income, And Their Share Has Been Slowly Declining Since The 1970s
D. A Share Of Income Approximately Equal To That Received By The Top 20% Of Families, And Their Share Has Remained Stable Since The 1960s
E. 10% Of The Income, But Their Share Has Been Falling Since Wwii

18. Skill Levels Vary Among Individuals Because Of
A. Differences In Location
B. Differences In Education And Training
C. The Industry The Person Works In
D. The Capital Labor Ratio In The Economy
E. All Of The Above

19. Why Might An Individual’s Labor Resource Holdings Differ?
A. Mental Talents Are Not Equally Distributed Among People
B. Physical Talents Are Not Equally Distributed Among People
C. People Have Different Preferences For Income And Leisure
D. Skill Levels Vary Among Individuals
E. All Of The Above

20. The Income Of A Person Depends On
A. The Price Of Labor Owned
B. The Quantity Of Labor Owned
C. The Quantity Of Capital Owned
D. All Of The Above
E. None Of The Above

21. Which Of The Following Results In Differences In Labor Resource Ownership?
A. Preferences For Work And Leisure
B. Propensities To Accumulate
C. Skill Levels
D. Both (A) And (C)
E. All Of The Above

22. Which Of The Following Factors Contribute To Differences In Labor Resource Ownership Between People?
A. Unequal Mental And Physical Genetic Inheritances
B. Differences In Skills Due To Human Capital Investments
C. Differences In Attitudes Toward Working
D. All Of The Above
E. None Of The Above

23. Which Of The Following Could Reduce Poverty?
A. Eliminating Discrimination In Educational Policies
B. Increasing The Productivity Of Poor Workers
C. A Negative Income Tax Structure
D. Education And Training Programs For The Poor
E. All Of The Above

24. A Government Transfer Payment Is A Payment
A. Made To Transfer Workers Form One Area To Another
B. To A Person Not In Return For Goods Or Services
C. Made To A Person Who Works For The Government
D. For Roads Built By The Government
E. Made To Move Troops From One Combat Area To Another

25. An Advantage Of The Negative Income Tax Proposal Is That
A. It Would Allow For The Free Exercise Of Consumer Choice
B. A Family’s Size Would Be The Fundamental Criterion Of Eligibility
C. It Would Be Favored By Middle-Income Groups
D. Inequalities In Present Antipoverty Programs Would Be Eliminated By Concentrating Transfer Payments On The Poor
E. None Of The Above

26. Under A Negative Income Tax, Government Payments To A Family
A. Are Positive At All Levels Of Income
B. Increase As Income Increases
C. Decrease To Zero As Income Decreases
D. Eventually Become Zero As Income Increases
E. Do None Of The Above

27. One Of The Problems In Paying Subsidies To The Poor Is That
A. It May Reduce Incentives To Work
B. The Poor Will Not Spend It On The Right Things
C. It Will Cause Inflation
D. It Will Require A Cutback In The Farm Price Support Programs
E. It Will Do None Of The Above

28. An Advantage Of Replacing All Income-Support Programs With A Negative Income Tax Is That
A. It Discourages Low-Income Workers From Working More
B. Households With Income Above The Poverty Threshold Pay Positive Taxes
C. It Is More Difficult To Administer Than Other Antipoverty Programs
D. Households Lose Benefits When They Choose To Work
E. All Of The Above

29. Under A Negative Income Tax,
A. Only The Poor Would Receive Negative Taxes
B. We Would Experience A Loss In Efficiency Relative To The Current Public Assistance Programs
C. The Recipients Of Government Subsidies Are Encouraged To Earn Income
D. Both (A) And (C)
E. All Of The Above

30. Families Are Not Eligible For The Earned Income Tax Credit (Eitc) Program When
A. Household Income Is Greater Than \$34,700
B. No One In The Household Works
C. The Household Has No Children
D. The Household Receives Food Stamps
E. The Household Owns Its Own Home

31. The Supplemental Social Insurance (Ssi) Program Is Not Available To
A. Households With Children
B. Elderly Households
C. The Blind And Other Disabled Individuals
D. Households Comprised Of Illegal Residents
E. It Is Available To All Of The Households Listed Above

32. Which Of The Following Statements Is Concerning The Earned Income Tax Credit (Eitc)?
A. The Eitc Is A Non-Refundable Credit That Can Be Claimed By Poor Families With Children
B. The Eitc Lifts Many People Out Of Poverty, But It Does Not Change Official Poverty Rates
C. The Eitc Is A Negative Income Tax Scheme
D. The Eitc Was Introduced As Part Of The Welfare Reform Measures Enacted During The Mid-1990s
E. None Of The Above

33. Medicare, Medicaid, And Food Stamps Are Examples Of Programs That Provide
A. “In-Kind” Assistance To The Poor
B. Guaranteed Levels Of Income For The Poor
C. Training And Job Experience For The Poor
D. Income Transfers From The Poor To Business Firms
E. Non-Economic Support Of The Poor

34. Most Federal Assistance To The Poor Is In The Form Of
A. Cash Payments
B. Provision Of Health Services
C. Personnel Programs
D. Training Programs
E. Housing Programs

35. Under The Jtpa, The Federal Government Gave Money To States For Programs That Provided
A. Guaranteed Income Support For The Poor
B. Employment Training For Disadvantaged Workers
C. “In-Kind” Assistance Such As Food Stamps And Health Care For The Poor
D. Guaranteed Child Care Facilities For Poor Working Mothers
E. College Scholarships For Children From Impoverished Households

36. In 1996, The Personal Responsibility And Work Opportunity Act Established Which Of The Following Programs?
A. Food Stamps
B. Medicaid And Medicare
C. Aid To Families With Dependent Children (Afdc)
D. Temporary Assistance For Needy Families (Tanf)
E. Supplemental Security Income (Ssi)

37. Which Of The Following Effects Creates An Incentive For Poor Workers To Reduce Their Hours Of Work When They Receive Cash Assistance?
A. Income
B. Substitution
C. Lorenz
D. Supply
E. Welfare

38. The Record-Breaking Economic Expansion In The 1990s
A. Reduced Significantly The Incidence Of Poverty
B. Increased Incidence Of Poverty
C. Did Not Alter Significantly The Incidence Of Poverty
D. Led To A Change In How Poverty Is Calculated
E. Did None Of The Above

39. Income Support Programs Have
A. Had No Effect In Alleviating The Problem Of Poverty
B. Provided A Minimum Level Of Income To Millions Of People
C. Been Completely Unsuccessful
D. Actually Led To Increased Poverty
E. Done None Of The Above

40. Which Of The Following Statements Concerning The Earned Income Tax Credit (Eitc) Is ?
A. The Eitc Has Significantly Reduced Official Poverty Rates In The U.S. Since Enacted In 1975
B. If A Family’s Tax Liability Is Less Than Its Eitc, The Family Will Receive A Check For The Difference From The Irs
C. The Eitc Is Eventually Phased Out As Family Income Increases
D. More Than 20 Million American Households Now Claim The Eitc On Tax Returns Each Year
E. None Of The Above

41. Critics Have Claimed That The Eitc
A. Creates An Incentive For Families To Have Fewer Children
B. Causes Poor Families With Children To Pay More In Taxes Than Poor Families Without Children
C. Creates A Disincentive To Work For Those Who Find Themselves In The Phase-Out Range Of Income Eligibility
D. Distorts The Economic Incentives For Poor Families To Work Their Way Out Of Poverty
E. Does None Of The Above

42. Unlike The Old Afdc Program Of Income Support, Tanf Requires Recipients To
A. Be Physically Unable To Work Or Go To School
B. Be Retired
C. Be Women With Children Living At Home
D. Work
E. Be Blind Or Disabled

43. Which Of The Following Statements About The New Welfare System Is ?
A. Recipients Have No Time Limits On How Long They Can Receive Income Support
B. In General, Non-Citizens Do Not Qualify For Most Public Support Programs
C. Single Mothers Must Help Officials Identify The Fathers Of Their Dependent Children
D. Time Limits Are Imposed On The Receipt Of Food Stamps
E. States Determine If Tanf Recipients Qualify For Medicaid Assistance

44. According To Recent Studies, Which Of The Following Programs Is Most Likely To Pull The Average Poor Family Above The Official Poverty Threshold?
A. Earned Income Tax Credit (Eitc)
B. Temporary Assistance For Needy Families (Tanf)
C. Supplemental Security Income
D. Aid To Families With Dependent Children (Afdc)
E. The Job Training Partnership Act (Jtpa)

45. Which Of The Following Describes The Earned Income Tax Credit (Eitc)?
A. All Poor Families With Children Are Eligible For A Non-Refundable Tax Credit Based On The Number Of Children Living At Home
B. Poor Families With Two Or More Children Are Eligible For A Refundable Tax Credit If Household Income Is Less Than Some Predetermined Threshold. Beyond The Threshold, The Credit Is Gradually Phased Out
C. Poor Families Without Children Receive A Non-Refundable Tax Credit If Household Income Is Less Than Some Predetermined Threshold. Beyond The Threshold, The Credit Is Gradually Phased Out
D. Poor Families With Household Income Below A Predetermined Threshold Receive A Refundable Tax Credit Equal To A Guaranteed Minimum Income. Above That Threshold, All Households Must Pay Taxes
E. None Of The Above

46. Which Of The Following Problems Arise From The Earned Income Tax Credit (Eitc)?
A. In The Phase-Out Range Of Income, Workers May Experience A Disincentive To Work
B. The Eitc May Cause Some Households To Falsely Claim The Refundable Credit
C. It Is Too Complicated And Cumbersome
D. All Of The Above
E. None Of The Above

47. Suppose A Male And Female Teacher Have The Same Education And Experience, But The Female Is Paid More For Teaching The Same Course. This Would Indicate That
A. The Female Must Be More Productive
B. The Female Works Harder Than The Male
C. The Employer Is Male
D. The Employer Is Female
E. Discrimination May Exist

48. Ending Discrimination Against Minority Groups In Educational Processes And In Employment Situations Would Cause Gdp To
A. Fall Because Of The Increased Costs Of Training
B. Fall Since Trained Minority Workers Would Knock Some Of The Present Workers Out Of Their Jobs
C. Rise Because Of An Increase In The Quality And Productivity Of The Labor Force
D. Rise Because Minority Groups Would Consume More Goods And Services
E. Do None Of The Above

49. Discrimination Occurs
A. When Everyone Is Treated Arbitrarily
B. When Equals Are Treated Equally And When Unequals Are Treated Unequally
C. When Equals Are Treated Unequally And When Unequals Are Treated Equally
D. Whenever Two Workers In The Same Occupation Are Paid Different Wages
E. Only In Social Situations, Not In Economic Markets

50. Median Earnings Of Year-Round, Full-Time Women Workers Are Considerably Less Than Those For Men Because Women Have
A. Lower Productivity In Jobs
B. Higher Absence Rates
C. Less Permanent Attachment To Jobs
D. A Different Distribution Among Various Occupations
E. None Of The Above

51. From The Point Of View Of Economics, Discrimination
A. Results In An Actual Gdp That Is Below Potential Gdp
B. Results In An Actual Gdp That Is No Different From Potential Gdp Provided Resources Are Fully Employed
C. No Longer Exists In The U.S. Economy
D. Provides Incentives For Minority Groups To Work Harder At Their Jobs
E. Does None Of The Above

52. In The Past, Women Were Usually Taught Early In Life To Believe Their Economic Role Was Unimportant. The Effect Of This Was To
A. Freeze The Wages Of Women
B. Reduce The Mobility Of Women
C. Segregate Women To Certain Occupations
D. Enhance The Productivity Of Males
E. Do All Of The Above

53. Discrimination Is Indicated When
A. Whites Are Paid More Than Blacks
B. People Having Equal Productivity Receive Unequal Pay
C. Incomes Differ Between Males And Females
D. People Are Treated Differently On The Basis Of Individual Merit
E. Older Workers Are Paid More Than Younger Workers

54. Discrimination Occurs Because
A. Some People Have The Power To Discriminate
B. People Are Just Not Aware Of It
C. People Have The Desire To Discriminate
D. All Of The Above
E. Only (A) And (C)

55. Which Of The Following Does Not Exhibit A High Degree Of Occupational Segregation?
A. Professional Tennis Players
B. Plumbers
C. Secretaries
D. Teachers
E. Nurses

56. Spending On Education, Training, And Health Are Examples Of
A. Nonmarket Discrimination
B. Investments In Human Capital
C. Welfare
D. Transfer Payments
E. None Of The Above

57. Discrimination Means That
A. Equals Are Treated Unequally
B. Unequals Are Treated Unequally
C. Equals Are Treated Equally
D. Individuals Are Treated Differently
E. All Of The Above

58. Major Sources Of Discrimination Include
A. Competitive Markets
B. Low Wages
C. Labor Mobility
D. Scarce Labor Market Information
E. All Of The Above

59. Discrimination May Be Reduced By
A. Government Subsidies
B. Investment In Human Capital
C. Vigorous Enforcement Of Antimonopoly Laws
D. Education Related To Tastes For Discrimination
E. All Of The Above

60. Suppose That Group Z Workers Earn Only 75% Of What Group A Workers Earn. Discrimination Is
A. Equal To 25%
B. Equal To The Portion Of The Gap Created By Differences In Personal Characteristics
C. Equal To The Portion Of The Gap That Cannot Be Explained By Productivity Differences Between The Groups
D. Readily Apparent Between The Two Groups
E. Subject To A Variety Of Different Economic Measurements

61. The Major Piece Of Legislation That Makes It Illegal To Discriminate In The Labor Market On The Basis Of Race, Gender, Or Religion Is The
A. Anti-Discrimination In Employment Act (Adea)
B. Civil Rights Act Of 1964
C. Affirmative Action Act
D. Sherman Anti-Trust Act
E. Equal Employment Opportunity Act

62. What Is The Primary Source Of An Individual’s Taste For Discrimination?
A. Monopoly Power
B. The Law Of Diminishing Returns
C. Personal Prejudice
D. Market Imperfections
E. None Of The Above

63. Which Of The Following Is Charged With Enforcing The Federal Government’s Anti-Discrimination Laws?
A. The Ofcc
B. The Bureau Of Labor Statistics
C. The U.S. Department Of Justice
D. The Eeoc
E. The U.S. Senate

64. The Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Protects Workers From Discrimination Based On All The Following Characteristics Except One? Which One?
A. Race
B. Color
C. Gender
D. Religion
E. Age

65. Which Of The Following Minority Groups Is Not Covered By The Civil Rights Act Of 1964?
A. Black Workers
B. Female Workers
C. Older Workers
D. Jewish Workers
E. None Of The Above – All Of These Groups Are Covered

66. Which Of The Following Factors Contributes To Wage Differentials In Our Economy?
A. Workers Exhibit Different Degrees Of Experience And Skill
B. Some Workers Are More Productive Than Others
C. The Level Of Demand Varies Across Markets For Different Products
D. Prices Of Different Products Vary Tremendously In A Market Economy
E. All Of The Above

Questions 67- 71 Refer To The Information Given Below.
Suppose The Government Implements A Negative Income Tax Plan To Deal With The Poverty Problem. The Negative Income Tax Rate Is Set At 50%, And The Break-Even Level Of Income Is Set At \$5,000.

67. The Guaranteed Annual Income Level Assured Each Family, Regardless Of The Amount Of Income Earned By The Family Is
A. \$0
B. \$1,500
C. \$2,500
D. \$5,000
E. \$7,500

68. If A Family Earns \$2,000 Income, Their Negative Income Tax Subsidy Will Be
A. \$0
B. \$1,500
C. \$2,500
D. \$5,000
E. \$7,500

69. If The Negative Income Tax Rate Were Reduced From 50% To 40% While The Guaranteed Income Level Is Held Constant, The Cost Of The Plan Would
A. Increase
B. Decrease By More Than 10%
C. Decrease By 10%
D. Not Change
E. Not Be Able To Be Determined

70. If A Family Earns \$5,000 Income, Their Negative Income Tax Subsidy Will Be
A. \$0
B. \$1,500
C. \$2,500
D. \$5,000
E. \$7,500

71. If A Family Earns \$3,000 Income, Their Disposable Income Is
A. \$3,000
B. \$4,000
C. \$5,000
D. \$6,000
E. \$8,000

True / False Questions

72. The Incidence Of Poverty As It Is Officially Defined In The United States Is High Among Rural People And Southern People.

73. A Problem Arising From Transferring Income To The Poor Is That It May Reduce Their Incentive To Work.

74. Within The Next Three Years, The Elimination Of Poverty, As Currently Defined By The U.S. Department Of Labor, Is Possible In All Countries If The Rich Countries Help Out The Poor Ones.

75. The Earned Income Tax Credit (Eitc) Lifts Millions Of People Out Of Poverty Each Year.

76. The Earned Income Tax Credit (Eitc) Results In A Reduction In The Official Number Of People Living Below The Poverty Threshold.

77. The Social Security System Makes Payments To Individuals Over 65 Years Of Age, On The Basis Of Need.

78. The Unequal Distribution Of Income In The United States Is Due To An Unequal Distribution Of Resource Ownership.

79. In A Private Enterprise System A Sound Comprehensive Antipoverty Program Must Include Measures To Increase The Productivity Of The Poor.

80. Transfers Of Income To The Poor Sufficient To Eliminate Poverty Are Not Possible In The United States Without Substantially Decreasing The Well-Being Of All Taxpayers.

81. A Government Transfer Payment Is A Payment For Which No Goods Or Services Are Rendered By The Person Receiving It.

82. Poverty Is More Widespread Among Black Families Than Among White Families.

83. The Poverty Problem In The United States Is Essentially An Income Distribution Problem.

84. An Individual’s Income Depends Upon The Prices And Quantities Of Resources Owned.

85. Most Government Transfer Payments Go To Families That Live In Poverty.

86. Costs To Taxpayers Of A Negative Income Tax Plan Vary Inversely With The Guaranteed Level Of Income And Directly With The Income Tax Rate On Earned Income.

87. The Incidence Of Poverty Is Highest Among Minority Groups, The Young, The Aged, And The Uneducated.

88. Family Income In The United States Has Become More Equal Over The Last Forty Years.

89. The Negative Income Tax Proposal Calls For Families With Earned Incomes Below A Certain Minimum To Receive Payments From The Government, While Families With Earned Income Above The Minimum Make Payments To The Government.

90. Income Support Programs Designed To Alleviate Poverty Have Mitigated The Economic Hardship Of Low-Income Families And Individuals.

91. The Official Poverty Level For A Family Of Four Is Defined As The Cost Of The Family’s Food Budget Times Three.

92. The Poverty Problem In This Country Is Mainly One Of Low Production.

93. The Distribution Of Income Depends Upon The Distribution Of Resource Ownership And The Prices Paid For Resources In Different Kinds Of Employment.

94. Income Tax Cuts In The 1980’s And In The Early 2000’s Had No Impact On The Distribution Of Income.

95. The Aim Of Job Creation Programs Is To Increase The Number Of Jobs For The Poor And Disadvantaged In Private Industry And Government.

96. Jtpa Stands For The Job Training Partnership Act.

97. The Primary Objectives Of The Food Stamp Program Are To Improve The Diets Of Low-Income Families And To Increase The Demand For Food Products.

98. The Poverty Level Of Income Is Defined As Being Five Times The Minimum Food Budget For An Urban Family Of Four.

99. Some Workers Receive Higher Incomes Because They Have Greater Physical Strength, Have Greater Training Or Are Working In Industries Where The Value Of The Product Produced Is Greater.

100. The Poverty Problem In The United States Is Essentially A Problem Of Laziness.

101. The Eitc Is A Refundable Tax Credit Administered By The Irs.

102. During The Last Few Decades, The Income Shares Of The Low, Middle, And High Income Groups Have Changed Significantly.

103. In 1996, The Personal Responsibility And Work Opportunity Act Replaced The Old Afdc Program With The Tanf Program.

104. Through The Income Effect, Any Form Of Cash Assistance Will Generate Negative Incentives To Work.

105. No Work Requirement Is Placed On Those Who Receive Tanf Income Support Payments.

106. The Welfare Reform Measures Of The Mid-1990s Eliminated The Time Limits For Receipt Of Food Stamps By Poor Families.

107. Under The Tanf Program, Most Welfare Recipients Are Required To Work After Two Years Of Assistance.

108. The Income Effect Creates An Incentive For Welfare Recipients To Increase Their Earnings Through Extra Work.

109. In Most Cases, New Immigrants And Illegal Aliens Are No Longer Eligible To Receive Welfare Benefits.

110. The Welfare Reform Measures Of The Mid-1990s Created A Negative Income Tax Structure In The U.S. To Assist The Poor.

111. The Welfare Reforms Enacted In 1996 Places A Maximum Time Limit On The Number Of Years That A Welfare Recipient May Receive Income Support.

112. Relative Poverty Will Always Exist In A Market-Based Economy.

113. Even Though The Earned Income Tax Credit (Eitc) Incorporates Some Of The Features Of A Negative Tax Structure, It Is Not A Pure Negative Income Tax.

114. The Official Poverty Statistics For The U.S. Do Not Take Into Account The Differences In The Cost Of Living In Different Regions Of The Country.

115. The Primary Source Of An Individual’s Desire To Discriminate Is Personal Prejudice.

116. Discrimination Means That Equals Are Treated Unequally Or That Unequals Are Treated Equally.

117. Discrimination Exists In A Labor Market When Persons With Different Productivity Levels Are Paid Different Wages.

118. Differences In The Wages And Incomes Received By Males And Females Are Sufficient Evidence That Discrimination Exists.

119. Discrimination Is Present In The Cases Of Southern Textile Workers Being Paid Less Than Their Northern Counterparts.

120. Discrimination Exists When Two People Perform A Job Equally Well In A Factory And Receive Different Hourly Pay Because Of Seniority Considerations.

121. Employment Discrimination Means That Some Persons Are Not Hired Because Of Non-Economic Considerations Such As Race And Sex.