ECO 410 Week 8 Quiz – New

ECO 410 Week 8 Quiz – Strayer

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Chapter 13

The Global Cost and Availability of Capital

13.1 Financial Globalization and Strategy

Multiple Choice

1) If a firm lies within a country with ________ or ________ domestic capital markets, it can achieve lower global cost and greater availability of capital with a properly designed and implemented strategy to participate in international capital markets.
A) liquid; segmented
B) liquid; large
C) illiquid; segmented
D) large; illiquid

2) Other things equal, a firm that must obtain its long-term debt and equity in a highly illiquid domestic securities market will probably have a:
A) relatively low cost of capital.
B) relatively high cost of capital.
C) relatively average cost of capital.
D) cost of capital that we cannot estimate from this question.

3) Relatively high costs of capital are more likely to occur in:
A) highly illiquid domestic securities markets.
B) highly liquid domestic securities markets.
C) unsegmented domestic securities markets.
D) none of the above

4) Reasons that firms may find themselves with relatively high costs of capital include:
A) The firms reside in emerging countries with undeveloped capital markets.
B) The firms are too small to easily gain access to their own national securities market.
C) The firms are family owned and they choose not to access public markets and lose control of the firm.
D) all of the above

5) Which of the following is NOT a contributing factor to the segmentation of capital markets?
A) excessive regulatory control
B) perceived political risk
C) anticipated foreign exchange risk
D) All of the above are contributing factors.

6) Which of the following is NOT a contributing factor to the segmentation of capital markets?
A) lack of transparency
B) asymmetric availability of information
C) insider trading
D) All of the above are contributing factors.

7) The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is:
A) the required rate of return for all of a firm’s capital investment projects.
B) the required rate of return for a firm’s average risk projects.
C) not applicable for use by MNE.
D) equal to 13%.

8) The capital asset pricing model (CAPM) is an approach:
A) to determine the price of equity capital.
B) used by marketers to determine the price of saleable product.
C) that can be applied only to domestic markets.
D) none of the above

9) Which of the following is NOT a key variable in the equation for the capital asset pricing model?
A) the risk-free rate of interest
B) the expected rate of return on the market portfolio
C) the marginal tax rate
D) All are important components of the CAPM.

10) ________ risk is a function of the variability of expected returns of the firm’s stock relative to the market index and the measure of correlation between the expected returns of the firm and the market.
A) Systematic
B) Unsystematic
C) Total
D) Diversifiable

11) Systematic risk:
A) is the standard deviation of a security’s return.
B) is measured with beta.
C) is measured with standard deviation.
D) none of the above

12) Which of the following is generally unnecessary in measuring the cost of debt?
A) a forecast of future interest rates
B) the proportions of the various classes of debt a firm proposes to use
C) the corporate income tax rate
D) All of the above are necessary for measuring the cost of debt.

13) The after-tax cost of debt is found by:
A) dividing the before-tax cost of debt by (1 – the corporate tax rate).
B) subtracting (1 – the corporate tax rate) from the before-tax cost of debt.
C) multiplying the before-tax cost of debt by (1 – the corporate tax rate).
D) subtracting the corporate tax rate from the before-tax cost of debt.

14) A firm whose equity has a beta of 1.0:
A) has greater systematic risk than the market portfolio.
B) stands little chance of surviving in the international financial market place.
C) has less systematic risk than the market portfolio.
D) None of the above is true.

15) The difference between the expected (or required) return for the market portfolio and the risk-free rate of return is referred to as:
A) beta.
B) the geometric mean.
C) the market risk premium.
D) the arithmetic mean.

16) In general the geometric mean will be ________ the arithmetic mean for a series of returns.
A) less than
B) greater than
C) equal to
D) greater than or equal to

17) The beginning share price for a security over a three-year period was $50. Subsequent year-end prices were $62, $58 and $64. The arithmetic average annual rate of return and the geometric average annual rate of return for this stock was:
A) 9.30% and 8.58% respectively.
B) 9.30% and 7.89% respectively.
C) 9.30% and 7.03% respectively.
D) 9.30% and 6.37% respectively.

18) If a company fails to accurately predict it’s cost of equity, then:
A) the firm’s wacc will also be inaccurate.
B) the firm may not be using the proper interest rate to estimate NPV.
C) the firm may incorrectly accept or reject projects based on decisions made using the cost of capital computed with an incorrect cost of equity.
D) All of the above are true.

19) Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding beta?
A) Beta will have a value of less than 1.0 if the firm’s returns are less volatile than the market.
B) Beta will have a value of greater than 1.0 if the firm’s returns are more volatile than the market.
C) Beta will have a value of equal to 1.0 if the firm’s returns are of equal volatility to the market.
D) All of the statements above are true.

20) Which of the following will NOT affect a firm’s beta?
A) the choice of the market portfolio against which to compare the variability of a firm’s returns
B) the choice of the risk-free security
C) the choice of the time period used to calculate the firm’s beta
D) None of the above, because each of them affects the calculation of a firm’s beta.

True/False

1) A national securities market is segmented if the required rate of return on securities in that market differs from comparable securities traded in other, unsegmented markets.

2) Other things equal, an increase in the firm’s tax rate will increase the WACC for a firm that has both debt and equity financing.

3) If a firm’s expected returns are more volatile than the expected return for the market portfolio, it will have a beta less than 1.0.

4) The WACC is usually used as the risk-adjusted required rate of return for new projects that are of the same average risk as the firm’s existing projects.

5) One of the elegant beauties of international equity markets is that over the last 100 or so years, the average market risk premium is almost identical across major industrial countries.

6) Firms acquire debt in either the form of loans from commercial banks, or by selling new common stock.

7) When estimating an average corporate after-tax cost of capital, the component cost of equity is multiplied by (1-t) to allow for the tax-deductibility of dividend payments.

8) International CAPM (ICAPM) assumes that there is a global market in which the firm’s equity trades, and estimates of the firm’s beta, and the market risk premium, must then reflect this global portfolio.

9) Use of the International CAPM (ICAPM) assures that the WACC will be lower than if a purely domestic market portfolio had been used in the estimation of the cost of equity.

10) A global portfolio is an index of all the securities in the world, whereas a world portfolio represents those securities actually available to an investor.

11) The CAPM has now become very widely accepted in global business as the preferred method of calculating the cost of equity for a firm. As a result of this, there is now little debate over what numerical values should be used in its application.

12) The geometric mean will, in all but a few extreme circumstances, yield a larger return than the arithmetic mean return.

Essay

1) What are the components of the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) and how do they differ for an MNE compared to a purely domestic firm?

13.2 The Demand for Foreign Securities: The Role of International Portfolio Investors

Multiple Choice

1) The primary goal of both domestic and international portfolio managers is:
A) to maximize return for a given level of risk, or to minimize risk for a given level of return.
B) to minimize the number of unique securities held in their portfolio.
C) to maximize their WACC.
D) all of the above

2) Which of the following is NOT a portfolio diversification technique used by portfolio managers?
A) diversify by type of security
B) diversify by the size of capitalization of the securities held
C) diversify by country
D) All of the above are diversification techniques.

3) If all capital markets are fully integrated, securities of comparable expected return and risk should have the same required rate of return in each national market after adjusting for:
A) time of day and language requirements.
B) political risk and time lags.
C) foreign exchange risk and political risk.
D) foreign exchange risk and the spot rate.

4) Capital market segmentation is a financial market imperfection caused mainly by:
A) government constraints.
B) institutional practices.
C) investor perceptions.
D) all of the above

5) Capital market imperfections leading to financial market segmentation include:
A) asymmetric information between domestic and foreign-based investors.
B) high securities transaction costs.
C) foreign exchange risks.
D) all of the above

6) Capital market imperfections leading to financial market segmentation include:
A) political risks.
B) corporate governance differences.
C) regulatory barriers.
D) all of the above

7) The authors refer to companies that have access to a ________ as MNEs, and firms without such access are identified as ________.
A) global cost and availability of capital; domestic firms.
B) large domestic capital market; geographically challenged.
C) world financial markets; antiquated.
D) none of the above

8) The MNE can ________ its ________ by gaining access to markets that are more liquid and/or less segmented than its own.
A) increase; MCC.
B) decrease; MCC.
C) maintain; MRR.
D) none of the above

True/False

1) Internationally diversified portfolios often have a lower rate of return and almost always have a higher level of portfolio risk than their domestic counterparts.

2) Empirical tests of market efficiency fail to show that most major national markets are reasonably efficient.

3) A MNEs marginal cost of capital is constant for considerable ranges in its capital budget, but this statement cannot be made for most domestic firms.

4) Capital market segmentation is a financial market imperfection caused mainly by government constraints, institutional practices, and investor perceptions.

5) Since the 1980s and 1990s, segmentation in global financial markets has been reduced. As a result of this, the correlation among securities markets has increased, thereby reducing, but not eliminating, the benefits of international portfolio diversification.

13.3 The Cost of Capital for MNEs Compared to Domestic Firms

Multiple Choice

1) Theoretically, most MNEs should be in a position to support higher ________ than their domestic counterparts because their cash flows are diversified internationally.
A) equity ratios
B) debt ratios
C) temperatures
D) none of the above

2) According to your authors, diversifying cash flows internationally may help MNEs reduce the variability of cash flows because:
A) of a lack of competition among international firms.
B) of an offset to cash flow variability caused by exchange rate variability.
C) returns are not perfectly correlated between countries.
D) none of the above

3) Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding MNEs when compared to purely domestic firms?
A) MNEs tend to rely more on short and intermediate term debt.
B) MNEs have greater foreign exchange risk.
C) MNEs have greater costs of asymmetric information.
D) MNEs have higher agency costs.

4) Empirical research has found that systematic risk for MNEs is greater than that for their domestic counterparts. This could be due to:
A) the fact that the increase in the correlation of returns between the market and the firm is less than the increase in the standard deviation of returns of the firm.
B) the fact that the decrease in the correlation of returns between the market and the firm is greater than the increase in the standard deviation of returns of the firm.
C) the reduction in the correlation of returns between the firm and the market is less than the increase in the variability of returns caused by factors such as asymmetric information, foreign exchange risk, and the like.
D) None of the above; systematic risk is less for MNEs than for their domestic counterparts.

5) The optimal capital budget:
A) occurs where the marginal cost of capital equals the marginal rate of return of the opportunity set of projects.
B) is typically larger for purely domestic firms than for MNEs.
C) is an illusion found only in international finance textbooks.
D) none of the above

6) Empirical studies indicate that MNEs have higher costs of capital than purely domestic firms. This could be due to higher levels of:
A) political risk.
B) exchange rate risk.
C) agency costs.
D) all of the above

7) Despite the theoretical elegance of this hypothesis, empirical studies have come to the opposite conclusion.Despite the favorable effect of international diversification of cash flows, bankruptcy risk was only about the same for MNEs as for domestic firms. However, MNEs faced higher costs for each of the following EXCEPT:
A) agency costs.
B) political risk.
C) asymmetric information.
D) In fact, each of these costs were higher for the MNE than for the domestic firm.

True/False

1) Because of the international diversification of cash flows, the risk of bankruptcy for MNEs is significantly lower than that for purely domestic firms.

2) The opportunity set of projects is typically smaller for MNEs than for purely domestic firms because international markets are typically specialized niches.

3) Surprisingly, empirical studies find that MNEs have a higher level of systematic risk than their domestic counterparts.

Essay

1) What do theory and empirical evidence say about capital structure and the cost of capital for MNEs versus their domestic counterparts?

13.4 The Riddle: Is the Cost of Capital Higher for MNEs?

Multiple Choice

1) Empirical studies indicate that WACC for an MNE is higher than for their domestic competitors. Reasons cited for this increased cost include all of the following EXCEPT:
A) agency costs.
B) foreign exchange risk.
C) political risk.
D) All of the above are cited as reasons for an MNE’s increased WACC.

True/False

1) Empirical studies indicate that MNEs have a lower debt/capital ratio than domestic counterparts, indicating that MNEs have a lower cost of capital.

Chapter 14 Raising Equity and Debt Globally

14.1 Designing a Strategy to Source Capital Globally

Multiple Choice

1) The choice of when and how to source capital globally is usually aided early on by the advice of:
A) an investment banker.
B) your stock broker.
C) a commercial banker.
D) an underwriter.

2) Investment banking services include which of the following?
A) advising when a security should be cross-listed
B) preparation of stock prospectuses
C) help to determine the price of the issue
D) all of the above

3) Which of the following is the typical order of sourcing capital abroad?
A) an international bond issue, then cross listing the outstanding issues on other exchanges, then an international bond issue in the target market
B) an international bond issue in the target market, then cross listing the outstanding issues on other exchanges, then an international bond issue
C) an international bond issue in less prestigious markets, then an international bond issue in the target market, and ultimately a eurobond issue
D) cross listing the outstanding issues on other exchanges, then an international bond issue, then an international bond issue in the target market

4) By cross listing and selling its shares on a foreign stock exchange, a firm typically tries to accomplish which of the following?
A) improve the liquidity of its existing shares
B) increase its share price
C) increase the firm’s visibility
D) all of the above

True/False

1) Most firms raise their initial capital in foreign markets.

14.2 Optimal Financial Structure

Multiple Choice

1) Which financial economists are most closely associated with the financial theory of optimal capital structure?
A) Modigliani and Miller
B) Fama, Fisher, Jensen, and Roll
C) Black and Scholes
D) Markowitz and Sharpe

2) For most firms, the cost of capital decreases to a low point as the firm ________ debt financing. At some point beyond this optimal level, the cost of capital increases as the amount of debt ________.
A) decreases; increases
B) decreases; decreases
C) increases; increases
D) increases; decreases

3) One of the most important factors in making debt less expensive than equity is:
A) the tax deductibility of depreciation.
B) the tax deductibility of equity.
C) the tax deductibility of dividends.
D) the tax deductibility of interest.

4) One of the most important factors in making debt less expensive than equity is:
A) the seniority of equity obligations to debt claims.
B) the tax deductibility of dividends.
C) the tax deductibility of equity.
D) the seniority of debt obligations to equity claims.

5) Which of the following is NOT a factor offsetting the tax advantage of debt as a source of financing?
A) increased agency costs
B) increased probability of financial distress (bankruptcy) due to fixed interest payments
C) alternative tax shields to those supplied by interest payments
D) All of the above offset the tax advantage of debt as a source of financing.

6) Most financial theorists believe that the optimal capital structure is a ________ with a debt to total value ratio somewhere around ________.
A) point; 50%
B) point; 25%
C) range; 30%-60%
D) range; 10%-40%

7) Not all firms have the same optimal capital structure. Factors that might influence a firm’s capital structure include:
A) the industry in which it operates.
B) the volatility of its sales and operating income.
C) the collateral value of its assets.
D) all of the above

8) MNEs situated in countries with small illiquid and segmented markets are most like:
A) small domestic U.S. firms in that they must rely on internally generated funds and bank borrowing.
B) large U.S. MNEs in that they are all MNEs and have worldwide markets and sources of financing.
C) small domestic U.S. firms in that they have a strong niche market in the U.S.
D) None of the above is true.

9) In theory, the MNE should support ________ debt ratios than a purely domestic firm because their cash flows are ________.
A) lower; more stable due to international diversification
B) lower; less stable due to international diversification
C) higher; more stable due to international diversification
D) higher; less stable due to international diversification

10) TropiKana Inc., a U.S firm, has just borrowed $1,000,000 to make improvements to an Italian fruit plantation and processing plant. If the interest rate is 6.00% per year, how much interest will they pay in the first year?
A) $6,000
B) $60,000
C) $600,000
D) €60,000

11) TropiKana Inc., a U.S firm, has just borrowed euro 1,000,000 to make improvements to an Italian fruit plantation and processing plant. If the interest rate is 5.50% per year and the Euro depreciates against the dollar from $1.40/€ at the time the loan was made to $1.35/€ at the end of the first year, how much interest will TropiKana pay at the end of the first year (rounded)?
A) $55,000
B) €74,250
C) $74,250
D) $77,000

12) TropiKana Inc., a U.S firm, has just borrowed euro 1,000,000 to make improvements to an Italian fruit plantation and processing plant. If the interest rate is 5.50% per year and the Euro appreciates against the dollar from $1.40/€ at the time the loan was made to $1.45/€ at the end of the first year, how much interest will TropiKana pay at the end of the first year (rounded)?
A) $55,000
B) $79,750
C) $77,000
D) $37,931

13) TropiKana Inc., a U.S firm, has just borrowed euro 1,000,000 to make improvements to an Italian fruit plantation and processing plant. If the interest rate is 5.50% per year and the Euro appreciates against the dollar from $1.40/€ at the time the loan was made to $1.45/€ at the end of the first year, how much interest and principle will TropiKana pay at the end of the first year if they repay the entire loan plus interest (rounded)?
A) $1,529,750
B) €1,529,750
C) $1,055,000
D) $1,477,000

14) TropiKana Inc., a U.S firm, has just borrowed euro 1,000,000 to make improvements to an Italian fruit plantation and processing plant. If the interest rate is 5.50% per year and the Euro depreciates against the dollar from $1.40/€ at the time the loan was made to $1.35/€ at the end of the first year, how much interest and principle will TropiKana pay at the end of the first year if they repay the entire loan plus interest (rounded)?
A) $1,477,000
B) $1,055,000
C) €1,424,250
D) $1,424,250

15) TropiKana Inc., a U.S firm, has just borrowed euro 1,000,000 to make improvements to an Italian fruit plantation and processing plant. If the interest rate is 5.50% per year and the Euro appreciates against the dollar from $1.40/€ at the time the loan was made to $1.45/€ at the end of the first year, what is the before tax cost of capital if the firm repays the entire loan plus interest (rounded)?
A) 1.73%
B) 5.50%
C) 10.50%
D) 9.27%

True/False

1) Financial theory has at last provided us with a single optimal capital structure for domestic firms.

2) Financial practice suggests that there is a range for an optimal capital structure for a firm within an industry rather than a specific optimal ratio of debt to equity.

3) In part because of access to global markets, MNEs are better able than their domestic counterparts to maintain their desired debt ratio even when raising new capital.

4) When a firm borrows in a foreign currency, the effective cost is the foreign interest rate plus an adjustment for changes in the exchange rate.

5) The domestic theory of optimal capital structure does not need to be modified for MNEs.

6) Portfolio diversification of domestic firms reduces risk because cash flows are not perfectly correlated. The same reasoning is often argued for MNEs diversifying into international markets.

7) A significant advantage of borrowing foreign currency-denominated bonds is that the borrower need not worry about relative changes in the value of the home currency.

8) For firms to raise capital in international markets, it is more important to adhere to capital structure ratios similar to those found in the United States and United Kingdom than to those in the firm’s home country.

14.3 Raising Equity Globally

Multiple Choice

1) The stock exchange with the greatest value of shares traded is:
A) NYSE.
B) Tokyo.
C) Nasdaq.
D) London.

2) The number of foreign firms traded on the London exchange is ________ than the number traded on the NYSE, and the costs of listing and disclosure in London are ________ those for the NYSE.
A) less than; less than
B) less than; greater than
C) greater than; less than
D) greater than; greater than

True/False

1) The Tokyo exchange is the number one choice of firms looking to gain liquidity by cross-listing their equity securities.

2) The least liquid stock markets as identified by the authors offer little liquidity for their own domestic firms, and are of little value to foreign firms.

14.4 Depositary Receipts

Multiple Choice

1) ________ are negotiable certificates issued by a bank to represent the underlying shares of stock, which are held in trust at a foreign custodian bank.
A) Negotiable CDs
B) International mutual funds
C) Depositary receipts
D) Eurodeposits

2) Depositary receipts traded outside the United States are called ________ depositary receipts.
A) Euro
B) Global
C) American
D) none of the above

3) Each ADR represents ________ of the shares of the underlying foreign stock.
A) a multiple
B) 100
C) 1
D) ADRs have nothing to do with foreign stocks.

4) Which of the following is NOT an advantage of ADRs to U.S. shareholders?
A) Transfer of ownership is done in the U.S. in accordance with U.S. laws.
B) In the event of the death of the shareholder, the estate does not go through a foreign court.
C) Settlement for trading is generally faster in the United States.
D) All of the above are advantages of ADRs.

5) ADRs that are created at the request of a foreign firm wanting its shares traded in the United States are:
A) facilitated.
B) unfacilitated.
C) sponsored.
D) unsponsored.

6) Who pays the costs of creating a sponsored ADR?
A) the foreign firm whose stocks underlie the ADR
B) the U.S. bank creating the ADR
C) both the U.S. bank and the foreign firm
D) the SEC since they require the regulation

7) Level I ADRs trade primarily:
A) on the New York Stock Exchange.
B) on the American Stock Exchange.
C) over the counter or pink sheets.
D) Level I ADRs typically do not trade at all, but instead are privately issued and held until maturity.

8) Level II ADRs must meet:
A) U.S. GAAP standards.
B) home country accounting standards.
C) both U.S. GAAP and home country standards.
D) none of the above

9) Level ________ is the easiest standard to satisfy for issuing ADRs.
A) 144a
B) III
C) II
D) I

10) Level III ADR commitment applies to:
A) firms that want to list existing shares on the NYSE.
B) banks issuing foreign mutual funds.
C) ADR issues of under $25,000.
D) the sale of a new equity issued in the United States.

True/False

1) ADRs cannot be exchanged for the underlying shares of the foreign stock, therefore, arbitrage cannot keep the prices in line with the foreign price of the stock.

2) An unsponsored ADR may be initiated without the approval of the foreign firm with the underlying stock.

3) ADRs are considered an effective way for firms to improve the liquidity of their stock, especially if the home market is small and illiquid.

Essay

1) ADRs are a popular investment tool for many U.S. investors. In recent years several alternatives for investing in foreign equity securities have become available for U.S. investors, yet ADRs remain popular. Define what an ADR is and provide at least three examples of the advantages they may hold over alternative foreign investment vehicles for U.S. investors.

14.5 Private Placement

Multiple Choice

1) Which of the following were NOT identified by the authors as an alternative instrument to source equity in global markets?
A) sale of a directed public share issue to investors in a target market
B) private placements under SEC rule 144a
C) sale of shares to private equity funds
D) All of the above are alternatives to source equity instruments.

2) A/An ________ is defined as one that is targeted at investors in a single country and underwritten in whole or part by investment institutions from that country.
A) SEC rule 144a placement
B) directed public share issue
C) Euroequity public issue
D) strategic alliance

3) The term “euro” as used in the euro equity market implies:
A) the issuers are located in Europe.
B) the investors are located in Europe.
C) both A and B
D) none of the above

4) Private equity funds (PEF) differ from traditional venture capital (VC) funds in that:
A) VC operates mainly in lesser-developed countries while PEF do not.
B) VC typically invests in family business whereas PEF do not.
C) VC is almost unavailable to emerging markets while PEF capital is available.
D) All of the above are true.

5) Strategic alliances are normally formed by firms that expect to gain synergies from which of the following?
A) economies of scale
B) economies of scope
C) complementary marketing
D) all of the above

True/False

1) SEC rule 144A permits institutional buyers to trade privately placed securities without the previous holding periods restrictions and without requiring SEC registration.

14.6 Foreign Equity Listing and Issuance

Multiple Choice

1) Your authors note several empirical studies that have found:
A) no share price effect for foreign firms that cross-list on major U.S. exchanges.
B) a positive share price effect for foreign firms that cross-list on major U.S. exchanges.
C) a negative share price effect for foreign firms that cross-list on major U.S. exchanges.
D) none of the above

2) Empirical evidence shows that new issues of equity by domestic firms in the U.S. market typically has a ________ stock price reaction and new equity issues in the U.S. markets by foreign firms with segmented domestic markets have a ________ stock price reaction.
A) negative; negative
B) positive; negative
C) negative; positive
D) positive; positive

3) In addition to gaining liquidity, which of the following could also be considered a legitimate reason for cross-listing equity?
A) enhance a firm’s local image
B) become more familiar with the local financial community
C) get better local press coverage
D) all of the above

4) Another school of thought about the worldwide trend toward fuller and more standardized disclosure rules is that the cost of U.S. level equity capital disclosure:
A) chases away potential listers of equity.
B) is an onerous costly burden.
C) leads to fewer foreign firms cross listing in U.S. equity markets.
D) all of the above

5) According to the U.S. school of thought, the worldwide trend toward fuller and more standardized disclosure rules should ________ the cost of equity capital.
A) increase
B) decrease
C) have no impact on
D) none of the above

6) For the most part, U.S. SEC disclosure requirements are ________ other, non-U.S. equity market rules.
A) more stringent than
B) less stringent than
C) equally stringent to
D) none of the above

True/False

1) The combined impact of a new equity issue undertaken simultaneously with a cross-listing has a more favorable impact on stock price than cross-listing alone.

2) Because of stringent SEC rules, American companies typically do not find foreign disclosure rules to be overly onerous.

Essay

1) What are the two schools of thought regarding the worldwide trend toward increased financial disclosure by publicly traded firms. Explain which school of thought you hold to and why.

14.7 Raising Debt Globally

Multiple Choice

1) ________ are domestic currencies of one country on deposit in a second country.
A) LIBORs
B) Eurocurrencies
C) Federal funds
D) Discount window deposits

2) Of the following, which was NOT cited by the authors as a valuable function provided by the Eurocurrency market?
A) Eurocurrency deposits are an efficient and convenient money market device for holding excess corporate liquidity.
B) Eurocurrency deposits are a tool used by the Federal Reserve to regulate the money supply of countries that peg their currency against the U.S. dollar.
C) The Eurocurrency market is a major source of short-term bank loans to finance corporate working capital needs.
D) All of the above were cited by the authors.

3) Eurobanks are:
A) banks where Eurocurrencies are deposited.
B) major world banks that conduct a Eurocurrency business in addition to normal banking activities.
C) financial intermediaries that simultaneously bid for time deposits in and make loans in a currency other than that of the currency of where it is located.
D) All of the above are descriptions of a Eurobank.

4) Eurocredits are:
A) bank loans to MNEs and others denominated in a currency other than that of the country where the bank is located.
B) typically variable rate and tied to the LIBOR.
C) usually for maturities of six months or less.
D) All of the above are true.

5) In general, which has the shorter maturity and is more appropriate for funding short-term inventory needs?
A) commercial paper
B) Euro-Medium-Term notes (EMTNs)
C) the international bond market
D) all of the above

6) Foreign bonds sold in the United States are nicknamed “Yankee bonds,” foreign bonds sold in Japan are called “Samurai bonds.” What are foreign bonds sold in the United Kingdom nicknamed?
A) “Union Jacks”
B) “Royalty”
C) “Bulldogs”
D) “Churchill’s”

7) A ________ is a bond underwritten by a syndicate from a single country, sold within in that country, denominated in that country’s currency, but the issuer is from outside that country.
A) foreign bond
B) Eurobond
C) domestic bond
D) none of the above

True/False

1) Eurocurrencies are NOT the same as the euro developed for the common European currency.

2) The Eurocurrency market continues to thrive because it is a large international money market relatively free of governmental regulation and interference.

3) Moody’s rates international bonds at the request of the issuer with the stipulation that Moody’s will publish the ratings even if the ratings are unfavorable.

Essay

1) The Euro-medium-term-note (EMTN) has filled a substantial niche market in global financing. What are the distinguishing characteristics of the EMTN and why is it such a popular form of financing for MNEs?