FIN 534 Homework Set 1 – Latest Version

FIN 534 – Homework Set 1 – Latest Version

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Directions: Answer the following questions on a separate document. Explain how you reached the answer or show your work if a mathematical calculation is needed, or both. Submit your assignment using the assignment link in the course shell. This homework assignment is worth 100 points.

Use the following information for Questions 1 through 4:

Assume that you recently graduated and have just reported to work as an investment advisor at the one of the firms on Wall Street. You have been presented and asked to review the following Income

Statement and Balance Sheets of one of the firm’s clients. Your boss has developed the following set of questions you must answer.

Income Statements and Balance Sheet

Balance Sheet 2012 2013 2014

Cash $9,000 $7,282 $14,000

Short-term investments 48,600 20,000 71,632

Accounts receivable 351,200 632,160 878,000

Inventories 715,200 1,287,360 1,716,480

Total current assets $1,124,000 $1,946,802 $2,680,112

Gross fixed assets 491,000 1,202,950 1,220,000

Less: Accumulated depreciation 146,200 263,160 383,160

Net fixed assets $344,800 $939,790 $836,840

Total assets $1,468,800 $2,886,592 $3,516,952

Liabilities and Equity

Accounts payable $145,600 $324,000 $359,800

Notes payable 200,000 720,000 300,000

Accruals 136,000 284,960 380,000

Total current liabilities $481,600 $1,328,960 $1,039,800

Long-term debt 323,432 1,000,000 500,000

Common stock (100,000 460,000 460,000 1,680,936
shares)

Retained earnings 203,768 97,632 296,216

Total equity $663,768 $557,632 $1,977,152

Total liabilities and equity $1,468,800 $2,886,592 $3,516,952

Income Statements 2012 2013 2014

Sales $3,432,000 $5,834,400 $7,035,600

Cost of goods sold except depr. 2,864,000 4,980,000 5,800,000

Depreciation and amortization 18,900 116,960 120,000

Other expenses 340,000 720,000 612,960

Total operating costs $3,222,900 $5,816,960 $6,532,960

EBIT $209,100 $17,440 $502,640

Interest expense 62,500 176,000 80,000

EBT $146,600 ($158,560) $422,640

Taxes (40%) 58,640 -63,424 169,056

Net income $87,960 ($95,136) $253,584

Other Data 2012 2013 2014

Stock price $8.50 $6.00 $12.17

Shares outstanding 100,000 100,000 250,000

EPS $0.88 ($0.95) $1.104

DPS $0.22 0.11 0.22

Tax rate 40% 40% 40%

Book value per share $6.64 $5.58 $7.909

Lease payments $40,000 $40,000 $40,000

Ratio Analysis 2012 2013 Industry
Average

Current 2.3 1.5 2.7

Quick 0.8 0.5 1.0

Inventory turnover 4 4 6.1

Days sales outstanding 37.3 39.6 32.0

Fixed assets turnover 10 6.2 7.0

Total assets turnover 2.3 2 2.5

Debt ratio 35.60% 59.60% 32.0%

Liabilities-to-assets ratio 54.80% 80.70% 50.0%

TIE 3.3 0.1 6.2

EBITDA coverage 2.6 0.8 8.0

Profit margin 2.60% −1.6% 3.6%

Basic earning power 14.20% 0.60% 17.8%

ROA 6.00% −3.3% 9.0%

ROE 13.30% −17.1% 17.9%

Price/Earnings (P/E) 9.7 −6.3 16.2

Price/Cash flow 8 27.5 7.6

Market/Book 1.3 1.1 2.9

1. 1. What is the free cash flow for 2014?

1. 2. Suppose Congress changed the tax laws so that Berndt’s depreciation expenses doubled. No changes in operations occurred. What would happen to reported profit and to net cash flow?

1. 3. Calculate the 2014 current and quick ratios based on the projected balance sheet and income statement data. What can you say about the company’s liquidity position in 2013?

1. 4. Use the extended DuPont equation to provide a summary and overview of company’s financial condition as projected for 2014. What are the firm’s major strengths and weaknesses?